last time the Second Battle of Kurland raged despite the weather bogging everything down but now the muddy season was over and the Red Army was preparing to give it another go will the Soviets be able to break through the German lines will the Germans have the strength to stop them and will madman Hitler allow the evacuation of Kurland let's find out at the beginning of November 1944 sure nough created a special formation on the latvian general karelis the idea was for him to infiltrate behind enemy lines and disrupt soviet – communications at the same time rumors went around saying that the last Vian 19th SS division was going to be transferred back to germany the 15th latvian division had already been evacuated and this also suggests that the Germans were planning to evacuate more of Army Group north than they did both either way as a result of the rumors many Latvians started deserting into the forests sure nough had to reassure the Latvians that they wouldn't be shipped to Germany and that's they would stay and fight on Latvian soil the morale crisis passed and some deserters returned BOTS because of the desertions Corelli's unit grew in size reaching 3,000 men strong from its initial 595 it was soon realized at least according to the Germans that's many of the soldiers were deserters trying to get away from the front so despite it only being raised shortly before the Germans now saw it as a threat chief of police in Kurland SS obergruppenfuehrer friedrich ii asked her alice to stop accepting dessert when karelis refused german troops surrounded his headquarters and put an end to his units after the Corelli sea were destroyed Jacklyn created another commando unit this was the Wildcats or Meza khaki this was a specially selected tightly controlled counterinsurgency group trained in Germany by the legendary SS commando officer Otto Skorzeny which began operations in late 1944 the Rueben s battalion was another group of Latvian soldiers who turned to partisan warfare fighting to the death against the National Socialists between the 14th of November and the 9th of December Wu Benes was killed by Eklund security forces and the survivors went into hiding black ass is a village between cold eager and Ventspils in revenge for the Rubin aces battalions crimes between the 8th and 9th of December 1944 160 people were murdered by the germans from a baby and three-year-old two teenagers and 80 year olds all were slaughtered after ending the resistance of the blue Bennis battalion the Nazi police chief Jacqueline told his men to go into that area of the forest round up everyone they could find who may have helped them and kill them so yes 160 people were slaughtered meanwhile on the front line some of the German units were in a sorry state by this point for example on the 28th of November 1944 the 32nd Infantry Division reported that its 4th Infantry Regiment had just 80 combat troops in its first battalion and 40 in its second battalion and that's was its best regiment the 94th inventory regiment had just one battalion 1st battalion with 90 men and the 96th infantry regiments also had just one battalion also its 1st with 105 men the troops were exhausted the main combat line consisted mostly of holes in the ground filled with melted snow water there were many dysentery patients during these weeks on the 30th of November army group North reported its losses for the period 1st to the 30th of November 1944 33,000 181 officers and men killed wounded or missing on the 1st of December there were still a total of 500 and 5546 German soldiers airmen naval troops SS and police in Kurland that's quite a lot of troops trapped in the pockets worse now that December had arrived the weather deteriorated the mud season passed by mid-december when frost gripped the landscape not only did this allow vehicles to move along the roads again but also for some combat to be waged the Soviets conducted reconnaissance missions during this period and the Germans managed to repulse all of them at the port city of the up higher currents most important port the Germans busied themselves with stockpiling equipment and building fortifications this was despite the fact that somewhere in the region of 250,000 refugees had flooded into Leo pyre during 1944 some organizations helped them get apartments with the locals people slept on the floors and on the tables or even in the streets in their carts or with their horses they were waiting for boats to take them away with Soviet victory inevitable from mid-1944 to the spring of 1945 many Latvians prefer to take their chances at sea than face a second occupation by the USSR politicians writers musicians anyone who could play a part in a Latvian resistance abroad set out in crowded motor boats and fishing boats for Gotland and then neutral Sweden around 4500 Latvians made it to safety although norms sure how many actually attempted the journey and according to hunts by late 1944 only a few fishermen were willing to risk their lives for the refugees but even then they would only do so if paid in gold they wouldn't accept paper currency now some may say that these fishermen were heartless and greedy that they should have accepted the paper currency of the day and that they were just trying to profit from the situation but is this really the case during an economic political or military crisis Fiat monetary systems collapse paper currency is just vats paper and paper has no value the only reason currency is worth something is because people think it is and they think it is because the government says it is but the National Socialists were printing currency no more recently as quantitative easing in Orissa from the war in 1939 the number of Reichsmarks in circulation had been twelve point two billion by 1944 it's a 45 it was somewhere in the region of 40 billion that's a 228 percent increase in the number of banknotes in circulation and yes this is an inflation rate of roughly 23 percent if you'd had 10,000 Reichsmarks in 1939 by 1945 those same 10,000 Reichsmarks would only be worth 2080 for right marks you would have lost 7,000 1916 ranks marks worth of wealth simply by having this money sat in the bank and you would have needed to increase the amount of money in your bank to thirty four thousand six million twenty-eight Reichsmarks just to have the same amounts of purchasing power as the ten thousand you had had in 1939 this is because the more currency in circulation the more that the government or the central bank's print paper the less that currency is worth but it's even worse during a regime change the National Socialist regime was about to be replaced by a Marxist socialist regime the old Nazi paper currency isn't going to be backed by the new Marxist government so it was about to lose all of its value it will be pointless for the fishermen to risk their lives shipping refugees to safety for paper that will be worthless in a few months time so they want the gold real money gold would still be valuable after the regime change and it has nothing to do with profits or greed Gold is money paper is not so the evacuation of Kurland continued according to hunt by the end of the war three hundred and fifty thousand soldiers and up to nine hundred civilians were evacuated to Germany or German occupied Denmark from Kurland again this idea that Army Group North wasn't allowed to withdraw is disingenuous because they were withdrawing they didn't withdraw all five hundred thousand plus men in one go but they did withdraw so the question we need to ask is could they have actually withdrawn all of the troops in Kurland by this point the Soviet Air Force had unlimited superiority in the air 54th fighter group nor the sixth ad defense division were able to stem the tide despite the green hearts claiming 293 enemy planes destroyed in the first two battles of Kurland the Soviets bombed the German positions roads railways and harbors constantly they also attacked the fleeing boats from both the air and the sea the Kriegsmarine was busy both supplying and evacuating troops from Kurland and would soon from january start evacuating East Prussia as well if the Germans were struggling to evacuate Army Group North now they would certainly struggle after that colossal task began so it appears that there's a time limit on Army Group North withdrawal but it's hard to deny the fact that the Germans were already evacuating Kurland at this time the next confrontation in Kurland would be the Christmas battles where countryman forts countrymen brother fought brother and the pain inflicted on Latvians by this conflict struck even deeper at the heart of the nation the third battle of Kurland began at oh seven twenty hours on the 21st of december 1944 it was minus 15 degrees Celsius soviet artillery barrage is fired and bombers flew smashing up the german positions first and 38th army cores were hit hard by over 170,000 shells 215 and 220 5th infantry divisions and the 560 third Volks Grenadier division were pummeled then at oh wait 30 hours 3rd and 4th shot ten guards and forty second armies attacked once again the aim was to reach Lia pyre but also Sal dose in fact the Soviets concentrated their main effort pam poly a small village southwest of soundless they were trying to capture the Salas Lea pyre railway line and split German forces in the Kurland pocket in two by ten a.m. thirty-eight army corps had lost contact with the two hundred and twenty fifth Infantry Division the three hundred and twenty 9th Infantry Division was hit by a heavy tank attack tank and infantry forces also caused children v inventory division to collapse two hundred and twenty fifth Infantry Division was penetrated and wagner's one hundred and thirty second Infantry Division was penetrated as well these were forced back with Wagner's men are treating to the Pam Poli area 215 infantry division struggled to hold on and Frank ovitzes command post ended up becoming part of the frontline in the thick of the fighting 12 Panzer Division and the 220 7th Infantry Division was sent into the Saudis area to stem the tide but their counter-attack was unsuccessful and 12th Panzer divisions panzergrenadier regiment were reduced significantly in strength branders 912 sturmgeschütz brigade was also sent in and found itself defending against numerous t-34 and stalin tanks one battalion from his brigade supposedly took out 37 t-34s alone this day there's some evidence that during this fight the Germans were running short of ammunition again suggesting that the Kriegsmarine was not able to fully supply Army Group nor further German reinforcements did arrive though the 11th inventory division moved into the gap between the battered 130 second and 220 v inventory divisions in an effort to stabilize a situation 12th Panzer Division closed the gap between the 215 and 290 8th infantry divisions during the night on the 22nd further soviet artillery and air strikes hit the germans and 4th shock army assaulted the german line on both sides of Pam Poli with nine divisions the main thrust against the 16th army was directed against the 215 fitori division in this von day area on the general ointment von melih 'then that division alone had to deal with three russian inventory divisions bought again the red army divisions are smaller than their German counterparts so yes they were outnumbered by about a third or so but not by the three-to-one ratio that kurowsky implies 4th Panzer Division now temporarily under the command of Oberst christened as battle was on leave in Germany was ordered to counter-attack the Soviets to the east of two hundred and twenty-fifth infantry divisions area Kristin had his doubts about the attack and sought to amend the plans bots was compelled to do as 1st Army Corps had ordered this is interesting because usually Hitler is blamed for not listening to his junior commanders and yeah here we have an example of another German general not listening to his junior commanders as well but either way Kristen's concerns were justified mud and congested roads slowed the movement of the division to their starting point conflicting orders and strict radio silence added to the confusion due to the cold – 15 degrees Celsius and the bad terrain enemy fighter bombers and the poor logistics and poor reliability of the German tanks 75% of the panzer force 40% of the Panthers and 50% of the Tigers didn't make it to the area the much reduced camp group from 4th Panzer Division with just 20 Panthers 10 tigers and two Panzer Grenadier companies counter-attacked anyway and quickly ran into an ambush by Soviet anti-tank guns the attack stalled and of course kurowsky blames the failure of this attack on the unfavorable terrain and the weather isn't it strange that every time the Germans fail it's not because the Red Army resisted or anything but because of madman Hitler and the weather but on the other hand makes it clear that it was a combination of factors that resulted in a dismal display by 4th Panzer Division including Kristen's leadership and the lack of bets all at this crucial time when speaking about 4th Panzer Division the next day 3 Panzer fours and 10 Panthers were in service 26 pounds of force and 23 Panthers were in the maintenance facilities this clearly demonstrated that the 4th Panzer Division was no longer capable of conducting a decisive attack no matter how greatest fighting spirit might have been masses of enemy armor could not be stopped by dedication to duty fighting spirits and aggressiveness okay for starters tanks don't have to take on tanks that's not the only way to destroy tanks secondly did it not occur to you Kurowski to ask why there were so many tanks in the maintenance facilities in the first place it might be because they'd been taken out by the Soviets previously or because of the logistical issues that Army Group North was facing and this is evidence that the Kriegsmarine was struggling to supply the kerlun pockets and that the Germans had the tanks but couldn't supply or repair them but this implication now the kriegsmarine was stretched thin all that German logistics was poor seems to have been missed by many of the authors on the 23rd of December the Germans had managed to stabilize the front although fourth Panzer divisions performance was poor once again and was reduced from 30 to just 13 tanks this was perhaps why it saw itself subordinated to the 200 and 25th Infantry Division yet despite the stabilized situation the Soviet attacks continued 22nd army attacked 6th SS Corps north of DiBella and pushed towards desert scre south of the area between latina and desert cyka two divisions of Latvians from the 130th riflemen Corps fought the Latvian legions 106 Grenadier regiment yes in the Christmas battles of 1944 Latvian faced a Latvian across the battlefield fighting in the uniforms of the Soviet Union or Nazi Germany I've mentioned this previously but I think it's worth stating again despite the claims of the German authors like kurowsky the Latvian SS were not volunteers and we know that the Soviets also forced Latvians to fight for them as well so this fight between the Latvian SS and the Latvian Red Army units was actually a fight between forcefully recruited conscripts thrown against each other in the name of foreign powers hidey-ho geez that said the fighting was no doubt very bitter in spite of the efforts of the Latvian 19th SS division the Germans were pushed back three kilometers with a portion of them being surrounded and having to break out they did manage to stopped the Soviets east of des Otsuka though and at some point the 106 the Grenadier regiment was hit by artillery and tanks and lost 60% of their man but despite this the Battle of rhombus which is no longer on the map would continue until the 31st of December with Latvian spilling blood on both sides on the 24th of December the Soviets continued their souls the Latvian 19th SS division was forced back 8 kilometers but at 1700 hours the fighting stopped Christmas Eve 1944 brought peace the war caught its breath for a few hours Merry Christmas everybody bearing in mind that this video will be released on Monday the 17th of June 2019 so almost as far from Christmas as you can make it bought Merry Christmas nonetheless now kids I know it looks like the Pope sent good boy Hitler extra gifts off to Santa Clauses this year but the way we explain this as historians is ask your parents and I'm sure that we ought to tell you why this is the case yeah dear take my sons just asked me why Hitler got to Santa Clauses off the Pope and I couldn't explain it so I won't subscribing from your channel much hate fat Herman from idiot Ville Oregon both sides spent Christmas Day opening their presents the Soviets gave the Germans a nice artillery bombardment followed up by a concentrated attack in the desert Ski Area the Germans gave the Red Army stiff resistance in return holding on with the 220 seventh and 81st infantry and 12 Luftwaffe divisions 19th SS division though was over on so 16th army sent in their reserves 6th guards army was also keen to give the Germans their presence striking towards Lea pyre from the southeast isn't Christmas such a wonderful time well it's over and the battle continued on the 26th of December the 22nd Soviet guards division had a special combat mission on this day they attacked the 205th inventory division the first wave of the attack in infantryman war German uniforms exclamation mark there for the outposts were deceived the anti tankers were however at their posts they destroyed 18 of the following combat vehicles Kurowski contradicts tapped by saying that the germans were only deceived by the uniforms for a few seconds because they knew that only russians could come from the russian lines which of these accounts you should believe is entirely up to you army group North also reported destroying 111 tanks on the 26th this seems excessively high considering that the Germans claimed to have destroyed 166 tanks in all of November unless they are saying that they destroyed 111 tanks since the beginning of December which would make much more sense on the 27th or 28th of December the sources contradict the Soviet 5th and 19th tank cause broke through at Desert scre advancing two kilometers the H cues of 19th SS division and 220 7th infantry divisions fought bitterly to defend themselves the 24th Luftwaffe lights Infantry Regiment under its excellent commander Colonel Kretschmer stood like a rock in the surf the lava four soldiers gave no ground without exacting a price colonel Kretchmer died a soldier's death with his weapon in his hand notes that this quote is interesting for a few reasons not only does it divert the reader away from the fact that the German line had broken and had been forced back not only does it refer to the German units as rocks drowning in a sea of red army riflemen not only does it speak of the heroism of a glorious German officer who gave His life valent lee for the cause but it also praises Luftwaffe ground troops yeah the pfeiffer ground troops you know those often criticized poorly trained formations which was seen as a drain on resources that could have been better spent elsewhere honestly I think this is the first time I've ever seen anyone praised the wonderful and glorious love Wafaa ground troops you know well done hat well done you've excelled yourself here and there's people out there criticizing me because I pick on heart go on and defend these three sentences explain to me how a hat doesn't have a pro-german or pro-nazi agenda I'm looking forward to seeing once more you rallied to his defense anyway then on the 29th of December the Latvian 19th division counter attacked and retook the lost ground on the Soviet side a Latvian 308 rifle division penetrated 93rd Infantry Division's lines 4th Panzer Division moving from the west to the area west of Desert scre reinforced 93rd Infantry Division sector and plugged the gap bet saw was now in charge and with his leadership fourth Panzer pushed the Latvians back to their original positions 12 Panzer Division also plucked gaps in the lines as well and after a few more days of fighting the offensive ground to a halt on the 31st of December the third battle of Kurland the Christmas battles had finally ended the number of Soviet casualties is not mentioned in the sources I have what hap still say that Army Group North reportedly destroyed 79 Soviet guns 267 machine guns and shot down 145 aircraft but do you want to know how many tanks the Germans claimed to have taken out are you sitting down ready five hundred and thirteen yes on the 26th they'd supposedly destroyed up to a hundred and eleven tanks and within five more days another four hundred and two that's more tanks than the Soviets lost at the battle of prokhorovka now obviously this is the German estimate and in my experience all sides always exaggerate their estimated kills simply because it's impossible to know if a shot destroyed the tank or just knocked it out temporarily or scared the crew who then bailed out but later recovered the vehicle or just immobilized etc so I'm going to err on the side of caution and suggest that this number was probably less than that but even so we're still talking somewhere in the region of 400 Soviets Hank's been taken out by the Germans during the third battle for Kurland the Germans reported on the 31st of December the 16th army had lost fifteen thousand two hundred and thirty seven men and 18th army lost eleven thousand nine hundred and seven men I the killed wounded or missing as a total of 27 thousand one hundred and thirty-four casualties for Army Group north of course some units suffered more than others for example 215 Infantry Division alone took over 600 casualties during the fighting after the third battle of Kurland Army Group North reported they have been reduced to four hundred and seven thousand men and of this three hundred and seventy-five thousand were frontline soldiers 20,000 were Luftwaffe troops and 12,000 waffen-ss and police this was down from the five hundred and five thousand 546 they'd had on the 1st of December 1944 so basically around 71 thousand troops had been evacuated in December from the Kurland pockets and then on top of this you have civilians and National Socialist governors being evacuated as well the good news was that the number of civilians needing evacuating had been reduced to just 10,000 at this point and there were 10,000 Soviet prisoners of war in Kurland – so I think it's obvious that they had been evacuating the rear services and civilians first before evacuating the frontline troops although some of them have been evacuated as well clearly the Kriegsmarine was having its work cut out for it and this notion that they should have evacuated Kurland needs to be revised because they were evacuating it they were evacuating it a lot the main issue seems to be that's it's not easy evacuating 500,000 people all in one go so the question is was the kriegsmarine actually capable of evacuating this many people the Army Group stays where it is I am expecting a change in the situation soon then we will deal with Kurland perhaps and the others are keen to present the Kurland pockets as being purely Hitler's fault haps states that Guderian chief of the General Staff of the okh was unable to persuade Hitler against holding on to Kurland and yet in the same breath HAP's then says that Guderian did succeed in allowing some units to move back to the Reich including the 83rd Infantry Division so they weren't allowed to evacuate Kurland and yet they were evacuating Kurland contradiction much right the evidence is clear but they were allowed to evacuate Kurland and the logical explanation for Hitler's refusal to evacuate all in one go is that they couldn't actually do it physically also that quote from Hitler I am expecting a change in the situation soon then we will deal with Kurland sounds like he's saying the current situation is preventing us from either evacuating or freeing Kurland not that it should remain there indefinitely again there's a lot wrong with this idea that curling should have been evacuated and that madman Hitler is entirely to blame for it there's more to this than meets the eye and maybe we'll find out soon who's the blame thanks for watching bye for now

Author Since: Mar 11, 2019

  1. Notes and Sources

    A reminder: this video series is bi-weekly, but I do publish videos every Monday at 5pm GMT (double check for British Summer Time) so be sure to check back on Mondays!

    I got most of the economic information regarding inflation from which did use German sources, but it’s not ideal because it’s a wikipedia-source. I will be searching for more sources on this because I want to cover the Third Reich’s economic crisis going through WW2. If you know of any sources that talk about Germany’s inflation during WW2, or its deficit spending (excluding “Wages of Destruction” or “Hitler’s Beneficiaries” because I already have them), please let me know. Many of you have requested that I do more videos on Germany’s economic situation and I am more than happy to do that. Thanks to my AWESOME Patrons, I’ve recently purchased “The Taste of War”, which talks about the WW2 food crisis. Sadly, nothing specific on Courland otherwise I would have mentioned it.

    Otherwise, not a lot to say this time. Hope you enjoy the video!


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    Hillblad, T. "Twilight of the Gods: A Swedish Volunteer in the 11th SS Panzergrenadier Division "Nordland" on the Eastern Front." Stackpole Books, Kindle 2009.

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    Kurowski, F. "Bridgehead Kurland: The Six Epic Battles of Heeresgruppe Kurland." Fedorowicz Publishing, 2002.

    Larsson, L. "Hitler's Swedes: A History of the Swedish Volunteers of the Waffen-SS." Helion & Company, Kindle 2015.

    Lunde, H. “Hitler’s Wave-Breaker Concept: An Analysis of the German End Game in the Baltic.” Casemate Publishers, 2013.

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    Michaelis, Rolf. "The 11th SS-Freiwilligen-Panzer-Grenadier-Division "Nordland"." Schiffer Publishing, 2008.

    Mitcham, S. “Hitler’s Legions: German Army Order of Battle World War II.” Redwood Burn Limited, 1985.

    Mitcham, S. “German Order of Battle: Volume One: 1st-290th Infantry Divisions in WWII.” Stackpole Books, 2007.

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    Mitcham, S. “German Order of Battle: Volume Three: Panzer, Panzer Grenadier, and Waffen SS Divisions in WWII.” Stackpole Books, 2007.

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    Inflation in Germany

    I’ve also used some maps and information from

    A full list of all my WW2 and related books can be found here

    Thanks for watching! Bye for now!

  2. small OT. In vid 4th Panzer Division has avatar (insygnia) looking like antenna. Somebody know why they choice that symbol?

  3. War is very sad,how does one get brainwashed into it,… yeah lets go charge this machine gun nest possibly step over a landmine only to make it halfway and die of a infection dumb people

  4. Like a German officer said in May 1945,,being imprisoned by Amerikan soldiers…When one of those Amerikanos,asked in an arrogant way to the German officer,and now what !!Then he answered…well you see,We run out of amo,but It happend to be that you dont run out of tanks!

  5. I am from Saint-Brevin, in France (44250). We too have had our pocket of Nazis during 1945. It was because of Saint-Nazaire's naval base, which was precious for the U-boats. The city still hold its war infrastructures today, and the naval base is now a naval museum.

  6. 27:45 first you question Luftwaffe groundtroops to fight well (based on results in the past)..only to follow it up with INCREDIBLE COUNTERattack of the Latvian XX 19th div that actually MANAGE to push back RUSSIAN troops ???
    Latvians ?? Since WHEN (based on results in the past !!) are THEY supposed to have been CRACK troops ?
    ergo…wonders hadnt left the world…

  7. Here is a question. I clearly remember you saying in another video how utterly impractical and impossible it would have been for Germany to have supplied enuf foriegn units to matter, as they were already short on supples for their own units. Yet in this video, I see Latvian units are being forced to fight. And I understand at the end of the war there were quite a few foreign units even in the SS.

    What am I missing? Did the Latvian units have their own supplies? Did Germany have more supplies for more units after so many of their own soldiers died? Were you not entirely correct when you earlier said Germany couldn't do much to supply extra units? What?

  8. Really good stuff. The battle map with units plus commentary has the effect of watching a operation war game in action. Very neat.

  9. Still love to see video on subject who is realistic and honest !
    especially good that somebody in west undestands that "volenteers" in 15th and 19th and also red armys "volenteers" are far from volenteers .
    Still , Latvians where FAR more likely to fight for germans , just because the germans where viewed as liberetors in 1941 .

  10. I really enjoy your videos! However, I want to change my subscription level and there are no instructions (at least I can't find them) to change levels on Patron or Subscribestar. Please advise. Very sorry to include my request in the reply section but I didn't know how else to raise the question. Thanks for your help.

  11. They obviusly couldn't evacuate courland cause the allies death stacked sub 3's in between the pocket and Germany

  12. It might be far from Christmas TIK, but down here in Canberra we are freezing our arses off with sub-zero temperatures at night & short days. So just think of us & you'll feel closer to Christmas back at your joint!

  13. They 'should' have evacuated in the same way they 'should' have successfully captured the caucasus Oil fields haha.

  14. TIK, in relation to WW2 historiography/historical sources, what languages do you read in? Is it primarily in English, or has German, French and possibly Russian been significant to you as well? I know that several Soviet archives were opened a few years ago, filled to the brim with a humongous selection of historical documents never been open to the public before. Crucially, this helped Anthony Beevor in his research on the Eastern theater of the war.

  15. Having read over my life probably hundreds of books about WW2, I am stunned by your far superior knowledge and scholarship. Great work.

  16. The Germans could have beeneasily evactuated, to be re-deployed for the defense of Germany.
    We are talking about 300.000+ men here

  17. Sometimes this gets annoying. At 16:44 you say that the germans were not outnumbers 1:3 but 1:1.3, because the soviet divisions were smaller than the german. I assume you mean full strength. But at this stage the german divisions were presumable not full strenth and the soviets more so. Since you dismiss Kurowski so easily, let me hold you to your own standards and ask for the real numbers of the soldiers involved. Then we can calculate the strength of both sides.

  18. Wait,how did soviets celebrated chrismas,they didnt even belived in god and now in curtland they are celebreting birth of jesus,oooh those soviets are funny

  19. The cretin commentator on this vid wants you to believe that Hitler was a ''madman''. Get THE OTHER SIDE OF THE STORY at

  20. Wait a minute, there are half a million troops in Courland yet the 32 inf div commander has 400 infantrymen in his regiments? Does anyone else see the problem?


  22. I wonder why the Russian did not concentrate all their paratroopers and drop them behind the Germans front line to help make a breakthrough or at the port and take it?

  23. Oh god more ww2 propaganda-cmon ,the babies and tots slaughtered by evil Germans claim is nothing more then war propaganda, clearly a deception! These type of lies were pure fantasy from the degenerate mind of ILYA Ehrenburg -remember him ?? Also your claim of Lats being forced into service in the Waffen SS is bullshit , have you ever even talked to any Latvian vets ??? Gtfo and quit claiming to be a historian ,your glamorous commie sympathies shine through and its absolutely disgusting considering what the Soviet Union did to those who live in Latvia Estonia, Lithuania, Prussia,Finland ,Silesia, Bohemia,Poland,Hungary,Romania,Ukraine !

  24. In my opinion the Kriegsmarine doesnt get enoguh recognition for their efforts in the last month of the war in the baltics. I mean it wasnt only Kurland that needed supplies, evacuation or combat support. If we take a look on a map of WW2 in Spring there are a lot of huge german pockets filled with soldiers and civilians in huge numbers.
    We also have to consider that the german oversea navy was severly weakened at this point in time and didnt have many huge ships left. It wasnt a situation like at dunkirk were the british could muster a huge navy to do the job. The germans more or less used everything that could be classified as sefaring at this point to try to keep up with the job.
    A good example of how redicioulous the situation had become is the story of the Admiral scheer, a german pocket battleship, and one of the last heavy naval units left. The Speer left germany full with supplies for the pockets, assisted the german ground forces by empting its entire heavy gun ammunition and damaging its guns by doing that, and took several hundreds of refuges and soldiers on board on its trip back. the ship had to perfom three different roles during a single voyage to the frontline, of which it was never designed to fullfill two in the first place. This just shows about what levels of the kriesmarine operated at this point to simply try to keep up with its jobs.
    The Kriegsmarine in the baltic area in the last month was propably the only german army branch that on average performed very well.
    PS: People , especially from the anglosaxon areas, should start reading up on the eastern front more. This hole D-day worshiping into the heavens while in the east a litteral slaughterhouse was going on with human tragedies beeing a daily acurance and both sides fighting brutally makes the war in the west pale in comparisson. this is were the apocalypse of WW2 reached its climax in 44/45 with death numbers on a huge scale.
    Also, have a nice day 🙂

  25. Soviets didn't celebrate Christmas at all; they celebrated New Year. They had no Santa Claus but Ded Moroz (=Grandfather Frost) who made presents for Germans the whole winter. Christian Orthodox Russians use the Julian calendar; that's why the communist October Revolution happened on November 7th 1917 and Othodox Russians celbrated their 1944 Christmas on January 7th 1945.

  26. That's quite a heavy inflation, but certainly not hyperinflation, like in Venezuela today. Think it is about 100 000%.

  27. Not too sure about the validity of division size comparisons at this point, especially in this campaign
    Soviet Divs were definitely reduced, but would have had pretty fair supply lines, workshops, medical and Air Support
    As you remarked, German Divs were often becoming skeletal, weakly supplied had minimal air support and many had been losing and abandoning heavy equipment in withdrawals on a regular basis

    Fighting to defend bugger all (from the soldiers view) in a foreign country with no way out probably didn't help matters

    I doubt many had the luxury of leave at home, as that General did

  28. As my father said, it makes no difference whether you are fried in lard or butter- you are still being fried- and that was the Latvian experience.

  29. Love your videos! One question, are you going to collab with WW2 and Indy Neidell? it would be amazing.

  30. Can you please add in the next episodes the contribution of the Kriegsmarine gunships, i.e. heavy cruiser Prinz Eugen, to the defense ?

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