Welcome to today’s class
Bienvenido a la clase de hoy We’re going to be talking about the past simple
Vamos a hablar sobre el pasado simple First, we’ll begin with an explanation about the grammar
Primero, comenzaremos con una explicación sobre la gramática and then you’re going to do some activities
y luego vas a hacer algunas actividades to practice and see what you understood
para practicar y ver lo que entendiste There are two types of verbs regular verbs and irregular verbs
Hay dos tipos de verbos verbos regulares y verbos irregulares. Regular verbs like to ‘play’ ‘jugar’
Los verbos regulares como ‘to play’ ‘jugar’ take the suffix ED at the end of the verb
toman el sufijo ED al final del verbo Irregular verbs like ‘to go’ or ‘ir’
Los verbos irregulares como ‘to go’ o ‘ir’ have an irregular conjugation that you need to learn
tienen una conjugación irregular que necesitas aprender So, let’s take a look first at the regular verbs
Entonces, echemos un ojito primero a los verbos regulares we’re going to explore the verb ‘jugar’ ‘to play’
vamos a explorar el verbo ‘jugar’ ‘to play ‘ in the present tense we have I play juego
en el presente simple tenemos I play juego You play juegas
You play juegas He she or it plays juega
He she o it plays juega We play jugamos
We play jugamos and they play juegan
y they play juegan In the past tense we have the subject then the verb and then ED
En el pasado ponemos el sujeto, el verbo y luego ED So jugué becomes I played
Entonces jugué se convierte en I played jugaste becomes you played
jugaste se convierte en you played jugó becomes he, she or it played
jugó se convierte en he, she or it played jugamos becomes we played
jugamos se convierte en we played and jugaron becomes they played
y jugaron se convierte en they played notice that the third-person rule
date cuenta que la regla de la tercera persona the s
la s In english doesn’t exist in the past tense
En inglés no existe en el pasado simple It only exists in the present tense
Solo existe en el presente simple Let’s have a look at negatives
Echemos un ojito a las negaciones With negatives in the present tense we use the auxiliary verb ‘do’
Con las negaciones en el presente usamos el verbo auxiliar ‘do’ So, we have I do not play or he does not play
Entonces, ponemos I do not play o he does not play In the past tense, we change this auxiliary verb to did
En el pasado, cambiamos este verbo auxiliar a did and I do not play becomes I did not play
y I do not play se convierte en I did not play He does not play becomes he did not play
He does not play se convierte en he did not play Notice that play remains in the simple form
Date cuenta que play permanece en la forma simple In English, we only need to indicate the past tense one time
En inglés, solo necesitamos indicar el tiempo pasado una vez and that goes with the auxiliary verb ‘did’
y eso va con el verbo auxiliar ‘did’ Questions in the present tense also use the auxiliary verb ‘do’
Las preguntas en el presente también usan el verbo auxiliar ‘do’ So, we have Do you play? and Do we play?
Por eso, tenemos Do you play? y Do we play? In the past tense this also changes just like with negatives
En el pasado esto también cambia al igual que con los negativos So, Do you play? becomes Did you play?
Entonces, Do you play? se convierte en Did you play? and Do we play? becomes Did we play?
y Do we play? se convierte en Did we play? There are many different irregular verbs in English
Hay muchos verbos irregulares en inglés Although you do have to learn all of the different past conjugations
Aunque tienes que aprender todas las diferentes conjugaciones del pasado They only apply with statements
Solo se aplican con afirmaciones in negatives and in questions
Las negaciones y las preguntas they take the simple form of the verb because they use the auxiliary
usan la forma simple del verbo porque se coloca el auxiliar Let’s take a look at an example
Miremos un ejemplo Voy becomes I go
Voy se convierte en I go Fui becomes I went
Fui se convierte en I went but in negatives
pero en las negaciones You don’t go becomes You didn’t go
You don’t go se convierte en You didn’t go and in questions
y en las preguntas Do you go? becomes Did you go?
Do you go? se convierte en Did you go? some other common irregular verbs are
algunos otros verbos irregulares comunes son I have which becomes I had
I have lo cual se convierte en I had You make which becomes You made
You make lo cual se convierte en You made He takes which becomes He took
He takes lo cual se convierte en He took She comes which becomes she came
She comes lo cual se convierte en She came It gives which becomes It gave
It gives lo cual se convierte en It gave We become which becomes We became
We become lo cual se convierte en We became and They bring which becomes They brought
y traen lo cual se convierte en They brought As you know the verb to be in English is always special
Como sabes, el verbo ‘to be’ en inglés siempre es especial As such in the past we have the following conjugations
Como tal en el pasado tenemos las siguientes conjugaciones I was
Fui / Estuve you were
Fuiste / Estuviste he was
Fue / Estuvo she was
Fue / Estuvo it was
Fue / Estuvo We were
Fuimos / Estuvimos and they were
y Fueron / Estuvieron Now we finished the explanation of the grammar
Ahora terminamos la explicación de la gramática. so please continue with the activities below
así que continúa con las actividades a continuación

Author Since: Mar 11, 2019

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