Much has been made about the fighting at Stalingrad.
But one of the often overlooked elements is the fate of the civilian population in the
city. Traditionally, the fighting for the city-part of Stalingrad began on the 23rd
of August 1942, when 16th Panzer Division and the Headquarters of 14th Panzer Corps’
reached the Volga at Rynok. However the fighting had been raging outside the city since roughly
the 24th of July 1942, which would ultimately dictate the course of the battle, and this
entire campaign could be traced back to the beginnings of Fall Blau, which started on
the 28th of June 1942. It’s worth bearing this in mind when you consider that it wasn’t
just the civilian population of Stalingrad that were in the city, but evacuees from other
parts of the Ukraine and the Northern Caucasus had also flooded into the city. So, because of this, and because of the chaos
in the battle itself, it’s pretty much impossible to get super-accurate numbers on the civilians
caught up in the 7 month Stalingrad Campaign. However, we do have several estimates. The Official German history of the war states
that the population of Stalingrad was 445,000 in 1939. This had grown quite substantially
in the previous years, so it would be assumed that the population had grown since
then. However, historians are very much aware that the 1939 census of the Soviet Union wasn’t
particularly accurate, and numbers were inflated. As a result of this and other reasons, both
Glantz and Hellbeck estimate the population living in the city was 400,000 in August 1942.
This is not including the evacuees flooding in from other areas. Glantz says that several thousands of refugees
were also in the city, but doesn’t put a concrete figure on it. Hellbeck says the population
was probably around 550 to 560 thousand as a result of the refugees, and the Official
German History states that it was probably more like 900,000. In fact, the Germans at the time estimated that 1 million civilians were in the city. Hitler himself is reported to have said, at
the situation conference on the 2nd of September 1942, that when the city is entered the entire
male population is to be liquidated. The reason given was because Stalingrad had a
communist population of one million, and this would be dangerous if not dealt with. The
female population was to be deported. Given the range of statistics, the Hellbeck figure
of 550,000 is perhaps the more reasonable. But we can certainly conclude that it was
more than 400,000. On the 23rd of August 1942, as the 16th Panzer
Division of 14th Panzer Corps was reaching the Rynok area, 4th Air Fleet (Luftflotte
4) prepared for action. This was commanded by General Wolfram von Richthofen, the same
guy who had commanded the bombing raid of Belgrade in April 1941 which killed an estimated
17,000 residents. He was also a cousin of Manfred von Richthofen, the “Red Baron” from
the First World War. 4th Air Fleet assembled 780 bombers and 490
fighters for its mission against Stalingrad. In the afternoon of the 23rd of August 1942,
Richthofen’s bombers struck. “In this chaos we could clearly hear the
screams and curses of the dying, the cries and calls for help from women and children.” One estimation says that for every minute, forty
bombs were dropped on the city. “This was a pure terror raid – singling
out the civilian population – and designed to inflict massive casualties, to break down
the city’s infrastructure and create a mood of panic and despair.” According to one account, the Germans had
spotted the anti-aircraft defences, and the ammunition stores. So these were targeted.
The anti-aircraft gunners then quickly ran out of ammunition and were therefore less
effective against the bombers. Many people were burnt or buried alive, and many choked
to death in the whirlwinds of smoke and flame. The water, electricity and telephone systems
were knocked out, and the city’s bread factories were targeted by the Germans as well. The ferry landing stage was in flames. This prompted the authorities to create a proper evacuation plan for the
first time – since prior to this, evacuation had been rejected by Moscow. A state of siege was declared. Colonel Sarayev
of the NKVD 10th Rifle Division was appointed the Stalingrad garrison commander. In the
chaos of the evacuation now underway, he had orders to shoot looters on sight. On the 27th
of August 1942, a steamer, called the Joseph Stalin, came under fire as it was evacuating
its 1,200 passengers. Only 186 survived. On the 28th of August, Sarayev was ordered
to move his division north to the Orlovka area, in order to strike back against the
14th Panzer Corps in its salient to the north. Since Sarayev’s division was the only real
until in the city at the time, the civilians saw its departure as a sign that the city
was falling. There was now no police or militia in the central city. A mass-panic and a mass-flight
from the city occured – which was suppressed in all post-war Soviet histories. The bombing campaign lasted until the 13th
of September 1942, in the midst of the scramble to evacuate the city. The official account
says 40,000 civilians died in the air attack. And this was the estimate used at the Nuremberg
Trials. The reality though, is that the Soviets officially played down the death toll. Glantz
says an NKVD report shows the figure was more likely 75,000. Interestingly, there’s no mention of the
airstrike death toll in the German official history, and it states that – “On 24 August, eventually, the women and
children were evacuated, and a little more than a week later also the 300,000 or so civilians
remaining in the city.” However, that’s not what other sources say.
The official Soviet histories state that 125,000 civilians were evacuated by early October,
leaving only a few thousand left in the city by November. But Glantz says that recently
released NKVD documents show that many more civilians were trapped in the city than previously
thought. In fact, according to Hellbeck, the residents dismissed Soviet reports of German
atrocities, thinking that they were exaggerations. The NKVD reported that more than 200,000 civilians
were left behind. Many of these had been forced out of the city by the Germans into labour
camps in Germany and the Ukraine. To quote from the report – “Even senile old people, young children,
and the sick and pregnant women were also evacuated.” Major Hans Speidel was the commandant of Stalingrad.
He was in charge of this deportation. The Germans built military administrations in
the districts and set about their business. In Speidel’s interrogation in the February
of 1943, he stated that the goals were the complete destruction of the Bolshevik Party
and Soviet cardres; eradication of the Jews; exploitation of the populace; and the security
of the troops occupying Stalingrad. This was in line with previous orders, such as the
Commissar Order, and the Severity Order – the latter, signed by the previous commander of
the German 6th Army. “The most essential aim of war against the
Jewish-Bolshevistic system is a complete destruction of their means of power and the elimination
of asiatic influence from the European culture.” “Therefore the soldier must have full understanding
for the necessity of a severe but just revenge on subhuman Jewry. The Army has to aim at
another purpose, i. e., the annihilation of revolts in hinterland which, as experience
proves, have always been caused by Jews.” “Being far from all political considerations
of the future the soldier has to fulfill two tasks:” “1. Complete annihilation of the false bolshevistic
doctrine of the Soviet State and its armed forces.” “2. The pitiless extermination of foreign
treachery and cruelty and thus the protection of the lives of military personnel in Russia.” “This is the only way to fulfil our historic
task to liberate the German people once forever from the Asiatic-Jewish danger.” The evacuation and atrocities were committed
largely by the German rear police forces and the Ukrainian auxiliary police. All residents
were ordered to register at their local military headquarters. Those who then could not produce
a registration card would be shot or sent to a concentration camp. Jews were shot immediately.
And it was the chief quartermaster of the 6th Army who organized the evacuation of residents
deemed suitable for economic exploitation. They evacuated 8 to 10 thousand per day by
foot, starting around the 1st of October. There was little food or water on this journey,
and no shelter from the elements. As one Germany Army soldier wrote on the 20th of November
1942 – “On both sides of the road lie frozen women
and children. They also lie in trenches and ditches where the refugees are seeking protection
at night. Their only food is dead horses. Each such horse is stripped to the very bones.” They marched to Kalach, and from there were sent
180 miles west to the Forshtat detention centre, where they would be inspected. A good portion
would never see their homeland again. In fact, by the 1st of January, only 12 to 15,000 civilians
were left in the German-occupied zone of Stalingrad, according to a report cited by both Hellbeck
and Glantz. At this point they were trapped in the Stalingrad pocket as a result of the
Soviet counterattack: Operation Uranus. During the encirclement, German units outside the
city went into the city to demolish houses for wood – with no regard for the civilian
population, who were often kicked out into the cold. So desperate for food were the German forces,
that on the 1st of January 1943, the chief inspector of the 71st Infantry Division at
Stalingrad ordered all remaining civilians to register to him. But they could only register
if they handed over four and a half pounds of grain. 2,500 residents registered, giving
the Germans four tons of grain. A great success! But thinking that not all had registered,
a second registration was ordered on the 10th of January. This time only an additional 300
residents registered. By the 2nd of February 1943 (the end of the battle, Stalingrad’s civilian population had fallen to either 9,796 persons (according to Beevor) or 7,655 persons (according to Glantz). Beevor says that 994 of these were children, of which, just 9 were reunited
with their parents. According to Glantz, who originally said the
population was somewhere over 400,000, that at least 75,000 civilians died in the German
bombing, and that more than 200,000 were left behind in the city. 186,000 civilians were
sent to the German factories. Therefore he concludes that at least 80,000 civilians were
killed in the city, and says that if only half of the forced labourers died, that this
would bring the death total to 170,000. The other sources I have don’t attempt to quantify
the entire death toll, so this is the only estimate we have. But given the fact that
Glantz stated the least amount of people in the city prior to the evacuation and occupation – and that it could have been as high as a million. I would suggest that this estimate is a conservative one.

Author Since: Mar 11, 2019


    Yes, most sources do not even factor-in the civilian population. Many talk about the civilians themselves, but not about their fate, or the numbers. There are many stories (like the baby that was born in Pavlov’s House), yet this is not the centre of attention. This is understandable, but it gives a twisted version of history. The Wehrmacht is “clean” only because most scholars are not willing to talk about the atrocities committed by the German Army. Well, the German Army was absolutely not innocent, as the video shows.

    Be sure to check out the 6th Army’s Rations video I created a while back (link in the description) to hear about the fate of the 6th Army and the starvation of the Stalingrad concentration camp (yes).

    And, I have to state this before I get accused of being a “commie” again. I am not favouring the Soviet Union. They committed atrocities too. But the simple fact remains that both the National Socialist and Soviet Socialist regimes were terrible for the innocent civilians and peoples caught between them.

    Selected Sources (Bibliography)

    Beevor, A. “Stalingrad.” Penguin Books, 1999.
    Fritz, S. “Ostkrieg: Hitler’s War of Extermination in the East.” University Press of Kentucky. 2011.
    Glantz, D. House, J. “Stalingrad.” University Press of Kansas, 2017.
    Glantz, D. House, J. “The Stalingrad Trilogy, Volume 1. To the Gates of Stalingrad. Soviet-German Combat Operations, April-August 1942.” University Press of Kansas, 2009.
    Glantz, D. House, J. “The Stalingrad Trilogy, Volume 2. Armageddon in Stalingrad: September-November 1942.” University Press of Kansas, 2009.
    Glantz, D. House, J. “The Stalingrad Trilogy, Volume 3. Endgame at Stalingrad Book One: November 1942..” University Press of Kansas, 2014.
    Glantz, D. House, J. “The Stalingrad Trilogy, Volume 3. Endgame at Stalingrad Book Two: December 1942-February 1943.” University Press of Kansas, 2014.
    Hayward, J. “Stopped at Stalingrad: The Luftwaffe and Hitler’s Defeat in the East 1942-1943.” University Press of Kansas, 1998.
    Hellbeck, J. "Stalingrad: The City that Defeated the Third Reich." PublicAffairs, Kindle 2016.
    Jones, M. “Stalingrad: How the Red Army Triumphed.” Pen & Sword Military, 2016.
    “Germany and the Second World War: Volume VI/II, The Global War.” Militärgeschichtliches Forschungsamt (Research Institute for Military History) Potsdam, Germany. Oxford University Press, 2015.

    Full list of my WW2 history books –

    Reichenau / Severity Order – “Secret Field Marshal v.Reichenau Order Concerning
    Conduct of Troops in the Eastern Territories.” from –

    Commissar Order – “Directives for the Treatment of Political Commissars (“Commissar Order”) (June 6, 1941).” from

    Thanks for watching!

  2. Great video !
    One thing is not clear to me : the remaining civilian population stayed because the NKVD told them to stay, or because they wanted to stay (not affraid of the German army) ?

  3. A great one, Mr TIK.
    So much written about the military, and so few about the many civilians. To think that thousands were hiding in the ruins during 100 days as bombs fell on either side. Thank you for this video.

  4. Didn't Soviet high command forbid civilian evacuation from Stalingrad because they thought with people in the city, they'd "fight harder than if they were just defending rubble?"
    And why would the Soviets use the underreported death toll in the war crimes trial instead of the worse one? Wouldn't that make their case better?

  5. The brutality of the eastern front never ceases to amaze me. The Severity Order certainly doesn't mince words in that regard……

  6. To reiterate other comments, I appreciated the slower pace given the gravity of the material covered. None of us get to pick where we are born, but from time to time those randomly allocated circumstances end up in situations like this. It's hard to properly appreciate the numbers involved here but let me take the conservative estimate of 170,000. That is about three times the population of the city I currently live in. So for every person I ever see on the streets here, the equivalent of them and (at least) two others dying at Stalingrad. So many families. So many stories. So many hopes and so many dreams. All lost through no fault of their own.

  7. I’d be interested in learning about the fate of the German prisoners immediately after the surrender. I’ve seen the videos of long lines of ragged prisoners and I know, like, only 5% returned the Germany. But it’d be interesting to learn how long that march lasted, if they were used as labor or just starved to death.

  8. oh!!! U civilized Europeans will never stop to amaze me, I guess we barbarian Russians will never understand u.

  9. Nice to see you back lesser know history regarding what happened to the population of Stalingrad in the Ostfront battle of the two Dictators.

  10. TIK, you have mistaken the date of Richenau`s comment about the severety order. Richenau give that order in October 1941, and you put it in October 1942, about that time Richenau was dead already

  11. I don't think the map being used is period accurate, but rather a post-1952 map of the Stalingrad/Volograd (name changed in 1961 by Khrushchev) and the most telling example of this is the big blue thick river seen on the left bottom third of the map just south of Kalach @ 11:39. This thick blue lake/river part is the Tsimlyansk Reservoir which Wikipedia says didn't actually exist until 1952. The result was the flooding of that region thus creating the artificial lake/river we see on the map in the video.

    This mistake was actually also evident in IL2 1946 (2006) flight sim which had this reservoir included in their depiction of the map during the battle BUT the newest title "IL2 Battle of Stalingrad" has corrected this and when you go there you'll see it is instead simply a small thing river you probably wouldn't even notice.

  12. Excellent again important issues not examined which once more you tackle and very well as usual.

    Tik as we may be aware we will be refighting the Russian campaign from a wargaming perspective to and from Stalingrad. I would very much like to speak with you as we are focusing on the axis allies campaign, again very much ignored. I enjoyed your excellent video on the Croatian regiment which was well done. In this Regards we are on Cloutiers work THE THREE KINGS which examines axis forces campaigns to and from Stalingrad. Can we pm old bean.

    This might give you a taster

  13. Even though a part of Richthofen's unit participated in the bombing of Belgrade, he was not the commanding officer responsible for that operation/war crime. That was Alexander Löhr, then commander of the 4th Air Fleet.

  14. Just found "Stalingrad Battle Data" YouTube channel with fascinating series just starting on NKVD files on Paulus' behaviour and conversations after captured. Recommend you get across there and bump up his numbers.

  15. Good video. Thank you.
    The invasion was a huge mistake from every angle. Politically and economically, it would have been a better move to honor the document of "peace in our time" and trade with neighboring countries. This would have built up the Reich and allowed more time for men and materials for the defense (not offense) of the existing border in early 1939.

  16. One of the problems with any historical battle in a city is figuring out the civilian casualties. At least here it can be narrowed to most likely between 170k and about 350k. Some of the battles I have studied cannot even get it down to an order of magnitude. I wonder if we will ever get accurate enough data to get it down to +/- 25%.

  17. Western Historians would have said that the 1939 census was inflated to justify their estimates of the amount of people Stalin had supposedly killed….while it could be said that the Russians would have inflated the census to downplay the amount of people Stalin had killed. To balance these two propaganda's it's useful to look at the number of generals Stalin purportedly had killed by Western Sources to the number of purged generals who were then reinstated….also if the Germans estimated 900,000 in the city just three years later in 1942, I would suspect the higher Russian number would ring more true…..if you want to get a more balanced view that is.

  18. How could Reichenau write those sentences about the jewish and soviets without breaking out in laughter? Have the germans been so far gone that they didn't realize the idiocity in those sentences or did they simply not care?

  19. Hi TIK in the news there is a deportation of a former SS guard at a concentration camp. I was wondering if you could talk about conscripts and volunteer roles in the Waffen SS and the A. SS.

  20. TIK: I am interested to know your opinion as to why the Wehrmacht was so successful in downplaying its own culpability for atrocities committed on the Russian Front (and elsewhere).  Is this due to Western desires to reincorporate Germany (or at least West Germany) into the NATO fold post-war or was there something else going on?  I have read of Heer-perpetrated massacres in Poland during the first days of war in 1939, conducted under authority of senior (Colonel) officers.  Do you have any documentation of this?

    Thank you for a very informative video!

  21. Von Reichenau's Order, was published in October 1941, NOT 1942!
    Von Reichenau had already been dead since January 1942, Von Paulus being his replacement as commander of 6th German Army.

  22. Dear Lewis, thank you for this video. I would just like to add that the "evacuation of the city was rejected by Moscow" seems to be a myth contradicted by an eyewitness testimony of N. V. Orlov (

    >>I was in school. While the Germans were still near Rostov-on-Don advancing from Kharkov and the Soviet troops were retreating, we were assigned as communication messengers to the streets. And when the fighting broke out in the bend of the Don River, we started receiving information, which we then delivered from house to house. I was assigned to Dvorovaya Street where there were about 80 houses. I was supposed to communicate to the people information on where to muster, at what time, which personal belongings to take, their allowed weight and that when the evacuation began they would be advised further. So, when the Germans did finally break through, and launch their offensive from the Don River, the signal arrived to start a full-fledged evacuation. People did not want to leave! You have to understand their psychology. Those who speculate about this… never experienced anything like that. How difficult it was for a man to live, to build his little house, that tiny wooden box, to buy table and chairs, and so on! How could he lose all that at once? Nowadays people have cars and so on, but back then they highly appreciated what they had. They would reckon this way: "Oh no, I’d rather stay here somehow, and hope that nothing will happen to me!" So, people did stay until the very last moment… when the air bombing began… when within the next three days more than forty thousand people perished and the whole city burned down.<<

  23. On your massive incoming video of Stalingrad, will you explain why the Germans didn't just surround the city and ignore it while pushing somewhere else? or Hitler orders were to take Stalingrad without exception?

  24. Excellent video, as always. I hope the Stalingrad Documentary will be coming soon.


  25. And then the NKVD just sayed "Suit yourself" to the 200000 who thought that the germans couldn´t be that bad

  26. But why should the UsSR play down the amount of fallen citizen during air raids in the Nürnberg trials? This does not make much sense to me at least. I would have thought the much rather boost it.

  27. TIK have you ever seen the Soviet era film Come & See, it’s about happened to the soviet population in Byelorussia during the german occupation.
    It an artistic film with the idea you see the Atrocities committed though the eyes of a soviet teenager.
    It’s a very good film for when it came out late 80’s with good details on uniforms & weapons the man SS unit is based on the Dirlewanger Brigade
    which history shows was one of the worst SS formation to commit war crimes against civilians, partisan, & those involved in polish uprising tho, I am not sure if it was Poland & krakow during the earlier Jewish uprising.
    Anyway definitely worth a watch especially at the end were you get rare soviet statistics on amount of villages destroyed in the area that the Dirlewanger Brigade operated in as well as other German units.
    Keep up the work on the OSTFront as it’s not as covered in the West (have very little idea how Russia & former Soviet country’s cover this period of WW2 though media other than films like Come & see) as other areas of WW2.

  28. Great and informative as usual but I really think that if you are doing such an extensive work on WW2 that covers Red Army you might consider advising with a Russian speaker how to pronounce Russian names right.
    I'm sure that will be more than enough guys (me included) that will assist you with that.
    Keep on doing magnificent work.

  29. Thank you for this video..
    My wife is Russian (partly Ukrainian) and her family has such horrible stories from war times.When i visited Russia and heard it from grandfather, i almost cried.

  30. Russians speaking English sound a bit strange how they pronounce certain vowels. But cool though. I would probably mess up Russian vowels if I tried speaking it. This guy speaks better English than many native speakers.

  31. Brilliant video TIK. Never even really considered the fate of the civilian population in Stalingrad before. Leningrad is the typical example of starving civilians on the eastern front so it's interesting to see. Keep up the good work pal, very few northerners making high quality videos on this site

  32. I was looking through TIK's Twitter TL and on August 11, 2017, he tweeted that he had reached 4,000 subscribers on youtube…a year later he's at 53,000 +. Way to go, TIK!

  33. @ 9:56 – 19 soldiers to shoot 6 men? doesn't look like mass murder of civilians to me, but the execution of criminals….

  34. Hi TIK, I don't post very often so you probably don't remember me(Im the guy that in the past asked you to make a Kharkov video…but thats not the reason im posting now). I know this is not the correct video to talk about this but as this is the latest video and I could not find a way to send you a private message I decided to post here.

    I would like to recomend that you read the books from Gottfried Feder(on sale on Amazon) as he explains how the NSDAP state should work, that will give you more knowledge about National Socialism but of course disregard this comment if you already heard about Gottfried Feder and his books. Sorry about my rusty English, bye TIK

  35. Stalingrad bombing made city into ruins best cover for soviet partisans germany was trained to fight on battlefield not in ruins of city. Irony is that Stalingarad (Volgagrad) or Volga river city of Germans Russians who was established by Catherine II Prussian tsarina Germans fighting other Germans in Volgograd.

  36. How the Soviet union did not collapse is just mine boggling. The amount of death and distraction those people were exposed to for so long is a testament to that region‘s will power.

  37. tik could do a vid on the German soldier who reported the barbarossa invasion days before rafter crossing lines and who was shot on order by J Stalin? brave man

  38. (v3) Still today, often the aftermath of battle causes more death from humanitarian suffering (dirty water, other infections, lack of food, etc.) as compared to direct casualties. In Iraq for example, as the blockades continued from 1990 to 2003, the deaths caused by strife was extremely higher (approx. one million in 10 years or so) than those caused by bombs (which were in themselves very heavy numbers. approx. 100,000+ in a few weeks). Mind you, a blockade is a military action, but I am also referring to the intentional bombing of water treatment plants, electric production, etc. // Anyhow, in this case (topic of the video), military personnel counted what they could see: direct casualties and accounted people (bureaucracy) in and near Stalingrad. That does not measure the countless people who died silently all around the area, including months later from disease, poverty, etc.

    Excellent historical report by the way. The horror is compounded by the explicitly racist orders given (quoting him was important).

  39. I'm a father of 3 sons and a stable person but the picture from thumbnail and from 12:34 makes me cry so hard I want to bring hitler and stalin back to life to kill them myself !!!

  40. One thing I don’t grasp. Did the Russians know or understood what awaited them once the Germans arrived? Did the government tell their citizens what they were doing to the Jews?

  41. TIK, hello. I really like your vids, honestly, first western historian that I found that actually tries to be unbiased and figure out the truth. I have a request for one of the future videos – Holodomor. Its widely misrepresented topic that people use as one of the main points to demonize Soviets and Stalin, and I wonder what you have to say about it. No, he is not a "good guy" and I'm not one of those "far-left" propagandists that you were speaking about before in Q&A, I just think that you have to be honest and accurate even if you are talking about someone's crimes. It is important if Holodomor was staged or not. Assuming that Holodomor is an open act of genocide against ethnic Ukrainians sets Stalin on the same level of "badness" like Hitler, while I could not find any solid proof of that whatsoever, from what i saw, its all about assumtions and estimations, but no facts.

    Really, man, controversial topics is what made your channel so successful, you should keep it up, there's a lot of work for a true historian in crushing lies made by biased pro-government historians, especially during the times of Cold War. Lies of the early Soviet government were already dismantled long before, by the late Soviet government itself, but western history is still full of it to this day.

  42. "Clean armies" do not exist in wars of annihilation and without a doubt the Wehrmacht was engaging in one of the most ambitious of such wars. It can be hard to wrap your mind around a concept that seeks to exterminate other groups as vermin. Western historians have had a hard time criticizing some actions and an even harder time examining others because they share so many of these values. Make no mistake: Fascism is a Western cultural artifact and it is deeply rooted. Something of the order of twenty million Russians died directly because of the Wehrmacht and it's Nazis. Something similar had already happened in North America and the Belgian Congo. Britain had already invented concentration camps. Get the picture? The Nazis weren't even very creative but borrowed their horrors from other nations.

  43. 10:10 Facing down a more powerful foe. knowing your death is imminent, one guy is scratching his butt and another is drinking what i can only presume to be XXX alcholhol/ morphine (their was a A LOT of extra morphine to be had in ww2 europe) great pic. almost every soldier on all sides was issued with some type of painkiller usually morphine, the russians used the heroin they had cheap access to from southern ukraine/ afghanistan and many died before ever using it. Thus: a huge build up of morphine supplies. Not that we didn't need all that morphine to keep the army marching on their aching feet and busted up bodies. it allowed our troops to "heal" between battles. We should have just brought more maggots to deal with the osteomyelitis!

  44. What always fascinates me is those generals who were driving all this were fathers and grandfathers themselves. It just boggles the mind they could just so casually order such crudity towards children.

  45. In May 1942, few months before the Stalingrad, RAF perpetrate firebomb-attack on Cologne. More then 1000 havy bombers were involved. It was being repeatedly performed agains many German and Japanies Cities during the War.
    p.s. from Russia with love!

  46. This is the greatest video of this channel. Thanks man. Every ww2 documentary these days only talk about the military side, thanks to remind about the human side of it.

  47. Stalin was a monster to not allow civilians to evacuate the front. Hitler had plenty of blood on his hands, but Josef will always be the bigger monster. Between the purges, Ukranian genocide and his inept handling of the war, Stalin made Hitler look like an amateur at terrorizing his own population.

  48. Wehrmarct wasn't perfect and weren't angels but you're painting the entire wehrmarct on the eastern front as evil as the SS and Nazi Scum when most were brave, honorable, and proud German men who served their country and fought for eachother. Why don't you do a video on how that piece of shit Eisenhower mass murdered over half a million German Pows after the war by mass starvation! Or how Churchill caused millions of people in India to die of starvation from famines! Or how Soviets massacred polish partisans after stabbing them in the back! There was good and evil on all sides even on the sides of the soviets, Germans, Japanese, and others. The wehrmarct believed they were fighting to destroy communism and Blood thirsty Stalin and the Bolsheviks. The genocide of slavs, jews, and others was carried out by special nazi units while the wehrmarct were fighting on the frontline. Eisenhower and Churchill were just as big as scumbags as Stalin, Hitler, and others during the war. The Nazis wanted to exterminate at least 50% of Russia's population while the wehrmarct believe they were liberating the soviet people from evil Stalin and his communist regime. Still love your video and i agree that there is no such thing as clean armies in any war. Would you do a video on how 10,000,000 soviet women and girls were raped by Germans and Nazis since neo nazis and wehraboos keep referring to the red army as Stalin's army of rapists? Only 2,000,000 German women and girls as young as 8 were raped by the Soviets mostly due to revenge and because most hadn't slept with a woman during the entirety of the war.

  49. This was an interesting but uncomfortable video to watch. Well made but a reminder that for all the interest and 'fun' of playing with/as soldiers and reading about the history there is such horrific suffering that goes on mostly unreported.

  50. Ukrainian refugees in Volgograd ( so called "Stalingrad")? That's wrong. Ukrainians welcomed their German liberators with garlands of flowers, they hated filthy Marxism as much as any decent human does!

    I've only seen a few bits of this guy TIKs videos and I'm really not impressed with his poor level of accuracy and adherence to old biased opinions.

  51. I had never noticed before that the Children in the Stalingrad statue (The Barmaley Fountain) were dancing around a crocodile.

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