We talk a lot around here about different
kinds of living things — ones that are alive today, and ones that lived in the past. But do you know one living thing that scientists
are always interested in learning more about? People! People have been around for hundreds of thousands
of years, and human life has changed a /lot/ in that time. How do we know? Well, much of what we know about how people
lived in the past comes from what they’ve left behind. These things, that were made or used by people
in the past, are called artifacts. Artifacts can be really old, like the stone
tools that early humans used, or they can be not very old at all, like some cans that
people tossed away just 50 years ago. No matter how old they are, there are scientists
whose job it is to find and study these artifacts! They’re called archaeologists, and they
help us learn more about human history. So, how do they do what they do? Well, mostly,
they dig! Archaeologists are different from paleontologists,
who also do a lot of digging! Paleontologists study natural history, and
dig up fossils. But archaeologists study human history, and
dig up artifacts. Archeologists spend a lot of time digging
where they think they might find important historical objects, or artifacts. But how do they know where to dig? If they have an idea of where they might find
artifacts, they’ll visit the spot and perform something called a survey. A survey is when archaeologists look for clues
on the ground, like old or broken pieces of artifacts, that suggest /more/ cool artifacts
might be underground waiting to be discovered. The archaeologists mark these spots with little
flags. These are spots where they’ll excavate, or dig, looking for clues. But sometimes, archaeologists need to see
the bigger picture when they’re learning about a place. So, they /also/ survey places by looking at
them … from the sky! Hundreds of miles up in space, satellites
are used by archaeologists to take pictures of places that might have buried buildings,
or the ruins of other structures, that you can’t see from the ground. Closer to earth, some archaeologists use remote
controlled flying machines with cameras on them. By flying up just a few meters or so,
these machines can give scientists a bird’s eye view of where there used to be something
like a house, or maybe a whole village! Once archaeologists have found a place they’d
like to explore, it’s time to get digging! But archaeologists don’t just dig in these
spots however they want. They carefully map out the whole area they want to explore, so
they don’t damage artifacts in the ground, and so they know exactly where they found
them. And they do that, by using grids. A grid is a design that breaks a section of
the ground into small squares. These squares are usually marked with rope and string. Grids help archaeologists keep track of the
different artifacts that they uncover. Each object they find is labeled with a grid
number, and then its location is mapped, so archaeologists can remember exactly where
each artifact came from. And when they’re digging, archaeologists
use all sorts of different tools, from spoons and brushes, to shovels, and even digging
machines like bulldozers. So, once an archaeologist is done surveying
and digging for the day. What’s next? It’s time to go to the lab! This is where archaeologists get a close-up
look at the things they’ve uncovered. There, they start to make guesses about who might
have made the artifacts, what they were used for, and when in history they might be from. These are the steps that archaeologists use
to study how people lived all over the world. Some archaeologists, for example, study ancient
Egypt, discovering tombs where people were buried, and learning about how the pyramids
and other buildings were built thousands of years ago. Other archaeologists want to learn more about
the people who built amazing, old structures in places from England to the American Southwest. But lots of archaeologists study ordinary,
everyday people in the past, to see what their lives were like — whether it was a family
of farmers in Europe a thousand years ago, or workers who built railroads in the United
States just a hundred-fifty years ago. In a way, archaeologists are sort of like
detectives, digging into the Earth to see what questions they can answer about our history. Which is pretty awesome, if you ask me. So thanks for learning about archaeologists
with us! And remember, if you have a question about
anything you’d like to learn more about, just let us know by getting help from a parent,
and leaving a comment below or emailing us at [email protected] And we’ll see you
next time!

Author Since: Mar 11, 2019

  1. My daughter, Magdalene, would like to know about dinosaur teeth. She has a lot of questions, but I'll narrow it down to two: Did all dinosaurs have teeth and what type of teeth did different dinosaurs have?

  2. What is one you want to be all of the sciences that digs a lot like get some bones and other stuff that was in the long-term goal and science stuff I want to be all of them of the science test what are they called on when you want to be all of

  3. What is one you want to be all of the sciences that digs a lot like get some bones and other stuff that was in the long-term goal and science stuff I want to be all of them of the science test what are they called on when you want to be all of them

  4. That was such an awesome and interesting way to explain archeology to kids! My 9 year old asked what this word meant and just sat through the video! Thanks a ton! ☺️

  5. The information was fine, but the manic style of presentation was distracting, to say the least. Who speaks to kids like that? Why? Some notion that normal speech and affect is boring to children? This woman didn't even pause between sentences.

  6. I just bought my kids some excavation kits and they had a blast! This video was perfect for teaching them about what they were doing!

  7. I was wondering how Archaeologists know what jobs the people had a long time ago? And is there any way to know what their names are? – Maggie (age 5)

  8. This what lil kids should be watching instead of watching skinny flat girls shaking their nonexistent butts. Lol, jk…they should tho

  9. when you argue with the teacher and she has the biggest smack ready to use (⌐▀͡ ̯ʖ▀)︻̷┻̿═━一-

  10. Good information but she talks too fast. I'm not sure my class will be able to keep up with her if I show it.

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