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EnglishClass101.com. Happy New Year! Let’s talk about present perfect tense. Hi, everybody! Welcome back to Ask Alisha. The weekly series where you ask me questions
and I answer them, maybe. As always, remember you can submit your questions
to me at EnglishClass101.com/ask-alisha. First question! This question comes from Zara. “Hi, Alisha! I have a question about present perfect tense. In my native language, there isn’t a tense
called present perfect tense. I am confused because I don’t know the differences
between present perfect tense and simple past tense well.” Let’s begin with an in-depth explanation of
these two grammar points and the differences between them. Okay. To begin. Let’s begin with a simple timeline here. We have the past, now, which is the star on
the timeline, and the future. So, we’re going to focus on the “past”
and the “now” points. Let’s focus on those. First, let’s look at the simple past tense. We use the simple past tense for actions which
started and ended in the past. So, at a point in time before the present. A point in time before now, in other words. On our timeline then, let’s imagine there
are two points, a start point and an end point for that action. Okay. Here, I’ve made a start point and an endpoint
on the timeline. So, in the past, you can see there are two
points, the start and the end of the action. Both are in the past. You’ll see both of them are in the past. That’s the first point about the simple past
tense. Also, these are for actions that we did at
a specific point in time. We can assign a specific point in time to
these actions. For example, this morning, last year, last
week, yesterday. There’s a specific point in time we can attach
to these actions. Okay. Let’s talk now about the present perfect tense. Present perfect tense has a couple of different
uses. The first use of present perfect tense I want
to explain is using the grammar point to explain a life experience. Let’s take a look at how visually this is
different from the simple past tense. So, now on the timeline in blue, you can see
this sort of dotted line that I made with a question mark. The dotted line begins in the past and it
ends now. It ends at the current point in time. This is because we use present perfect tense
to talk about things that happened at some point in the past but the specific point is
unimportant or unknown. We don’t need to explain when the action happened. We only want to state we have had or have
not had that experience. So, we use this when we want to talk about
our life experiences. For example, travel experience or work experience
like “I have never been to France.” or “I’ve eaten pho.” “My parents have never been outside the
country.” for example. We use this to talk about life experience
but we don’t include a specific point in time when we talk about these experiences. It’s just some time before the present. The specific point in time is not important
in that sentence. You might follow up this sentence with a specific
point in time, in which case, you use simple past. Let’s talk about one more use of the present
perfect tense. This is the one we use with the words “for”
and “since” and we can also use the continuous tense with this use. The black line on the timeline here shows
an action that started in the past and continues to the present, or it’s an effect of an action
that continues to the present. We use this to talk about our studies, for
example, or the places where we live. Like, “I have been studying English for
three years.” or “I have lived in Brazil for 10 years.” for example. So, remember that we use the words “for”
and “since” along with this form of the present perfect tense. We use “for” before a length of time like,
“I’ve studied for three years.” “I’ve lived in Brazil for five years.” and we use “since” before a period of
time. I have lived– “I’ve been studying since
2009.” or “I have lived here since 2013.” for example. So, please keep this in mind, the present
perfect tense is used for actions that started in the past and continue to the present. Simple past tense is used for actions which
started and ended in the past. Next question. This question comes from Maxine. Hi, Maxine! “What’s the difference between “one year”
and “a year?” For example, “I’ve lived here for a year.” or “I’ve lived here for one year.” In this sentence, no difference. Honestly. When you’re talking about time periods, “a
year,” and “one year,” “a minute,” “one minute.” They don’t mean anything different. They mean the same thing. Thanks for the question though. Next question! Next question comes from Wang Zhang Ik. I’m very sorry. “Which one is correct? ‘I work out for one to two hours a day.’ ‘I work out for one or two hours a day.’ ‘I drink coffee two to three times a day.’ ‘I drink coffee two or three times a day.’” Ah! Both of these are correct, actually. In this case, there are very, very small differences
between these. “One to two hours a day,” means “between
one and two hours.” If you say, “I work out for one or two hours
a day,” it means it’s determined like one hour only for a workout or two hours only
for a workout. So, the difference here is, are you determining? Are you deciding one hour or two cups of coffee
or three cups of coffee or is it between those two amounts? So, using “one to two” or “two to three”
means between those two amounts. Using “or” shows it’s either A or B, but
not between those two. This is the difference between “to” and
“or.” Next question! Next question comes from Wong Sena. I’m very sorry. I’m very sorry. “‘I’ve never been to Japan.’ ‘I’ve never been to Japan before.’ ‘I’ve never eaten horse.’ ‘I’ve never eaten horse before.’ My question is, if you put ‘before’ at
the end of those sentences, does it mean, you are in Japan right now? Or you are eating horse right now?” No. Not necessarily. Think of “before” at the end of the sentence
as “before now.” “I’ve never eaten horse before now,” in
other words. You could use this just before you eat horse
or just before you go to Japan, if you like as an emphasis phrase, but it doesn’t necessarily
mean that you are in Japan now or that you’re eating horse now. You could use it in that way, sure, but it
doesn’t necessarily mean it. If you’d like to emphasize it, like if you’re
about to eat horse, for example, “I’ve never eaten horse before.” you could show your interest or perhaps to
show, maybe some anxiety, or nervous feelings about what you’re about to do. But, no, it does not necessarily mean you
are in that place. Like, for example, you could just be having
a conversation. “Have you eaten horse before?” “No. I’ve never eaten horse before.” It could just be a conversation about it. But, really, “before,” just means “before
now.” Next question! Next question comes from Rashke. I’m sorry. “Where do we use ‘wanna,’ and ‘gonna,’
and how?” Ah! This question is about the casual contracted
forms of “want to” and “going to.” “Want to” becomes “wanna.” “Going to” becomes “gonna” in casual
speech. We use them in exactly the same way we would
use “I want to,” “I’m going to,” “he wants to,” “she wants to,” “he’s going
to,” “she’s going to.” We use them in exactly the same way, which
means, we use them in casual situations. Like, “I want to take a day off,” or “I’m
gonna go to the beach this weekend,” or, “Do you want to see a movie tonight?” We use them in exactly the same way we use
“want to” and “going to” but we use them in speech. Typically, we don’t write these. Unless, we’re writing very casual messages
like text messages to our friends or something. Next question! Next question comes from Garrison Silva. Hey, again, Garrison. “When can I use the expression, ‘take
for granted?’” “Take for granted.” This is an expression which we typically use
in the negative. Like, “Don’t take something, something for
granted.” “Don’t take blah, blah, blah for granted.” It means, don’t forget to appreciate this
thing or this person. For example, “Don’t take your parents for
granted.” or “Don’t take this opportunity for granted.” These expressions mean, don’t forget to appreciate
these things, or don’t just disregard your parents, or don’t disregard this opportunity. To recognize the importance of something. So, if you are given a good opportunity, for
example, or someone gives you good advice, or a very nice gift, perhaps, we would typically
use this with the negative. “Don’t take something, something for granted.” meaning don’t forget to show your appreciation
for that thing or for that person. Next question! Next question comes from Daniel Silverio. Hi, Daniel! Daniel asks, “What is the difference between
‘wish’ and ‘desire?’ Greetings from Paraguay.” Hey! What is the difference between “wish”
and “desire?” “Wish” is used to express want. When you want something that is different
from the present situation. So, we often use it with, “I wish I were,”
or “I wish I could.” Something we want or an ability we want, but
that we do not have now. Something for the future. So, “I wish I could speak seven languages.” or, “I wish I had a million dollars.” or, “I wish I were taking more time off
every week.” for example. Something that is different from the present
condition. The present situation we use “wish” or
“I wish you would call me.” for example. “I wish you would.” or “I wish you could.” To express something that is not happening
now. “Desire,” on the other hand. “Desire” tends to be used more formally
and it also can carry more romantic nuances. It’s not used as much conversationally as
the word “wish” is. “Wish” is used to express wants. Things that we want that are not true now. “Desire” is used more in romantic situations. Like, to desire another person, or “He desired
more of her time.” for example. But it sounds unnecessarily formal, I feel. You might use it in a more formal, like a
business context. Like, “Our client desires more information
about the situation.” That could be a different use of the word
“desire.” But in general, it sounds a bit more formal
and a bit more romantically charged at times, depending on the situation when it’s used. If you’re talking about a person, as well,
like if you say, for example, “I desire you.” it sounds actually quite odd at least in American
English. If you want to use the word “desire,”
I think in romantic situations, it might be applied in a phrase like, “He was filled
with desire.” or, “She was filled with desire.” Used more as a noun than as a verb. So, I would recommend not using “desire”
so much to talk about your wants as it can sound a little bit too formal or can give
perhaps the wrong nuance to the situation. But “wish” is used to express a hope for
something or wanting something that is different from the present situation. I hope that helps. Next question! Next question from Han Yonghe. I’m very sorry. “Hey, Alisha. What’s the difference between ‘maybe,’
‘probably,’ ‘perhaps,’ and ‘possibly?’” Great question! “Maybe,” “probably,” “perhaps,”
“possibly.” Okay. “Maybe,” “probably,” “perhaps,”
and “possibly,” these are all adverbs. They have the same grammatical function. “Maybe,” “probably,” “perhaps,”
and “possibly.” “Maybe” and “perhaps” are very closely
related. “Maybe” and “perhaps,” they have the
same meaning, but just different levels of formality. “Maybe” is like the lower level. The more casual version of the word “perhaps.” “Maybe I’ll go to the beach this weekend.” and “Perhaps I’ll go to the beach this weekend.” They have really the same meaning but “perhaps”
sounds more formal. “Probably,” however, is different. “Probably” expresses a higher level of
possibility than the other words on this list. “I’ll probably go to the beach this weekend.” It’s like a 75% to 80% chance the speaker
is going to go to the beach this weekend. “Possibly,” however, “possibly” has
more of a nuance of just that something can be done. It is possible to do something. We use “possibly” more in requests. Like, “Could you possibly blah blah blah
for me?” “Could you possibly send me this file?” “Possibly” sounds a little too formal
for casual conversations and invitations. But if you’re using it at work, for example,
“Could you possibly meet me later this week?” Instead of, “Could you maybe meet me?” So, the difference between “maybe” and
“possibly” and “perhaps” there, “possible” has that route, yeah. “Possible,” able to. So, “maybe” and “perhaps” don’t have
that nuance. “Possibly” sounds like, “Is it possible?” “Is it?” “Are you able to do this thing?” “Maybe” and “perhaps” don’t contain
that nuance. So, to recap. “Maybe” and “perhaps” are used to
express the same thing, a chance of something happening. “Perhaps” is more formal. “Possibly” is used in a similar way, however,
it refers more to simple possibility than is. “Are you able to do that thing?” “Probably” expresses a high chance of
something. Thanks so much for all your questions. Remember, you can submit to me at EnglishClass101.com/ask-alisha
Thanks very much for watching this episode of Ask Alisha. I will see you again next week. Bye-bye! Happy New Year and I hope that your studies
continue well.

Author Since: Mar 11, 2019

  1. My question which one very uses full for improving English speaking and writing fast I mean from vocabulary and phrases! Thank you for a happy new year.

  2. I’ve already finished cleaning up / I’ve already finished cleaning = Are these sentences different? What’s the difference between the “clean up” and “clean”? (If you’ll reply my name is Nidanur :))

  3. I’ve already finished cleaning up / I’ve already finished cleaning = Are these sentences different? What’s the difference between the “clean up” and “clean”? (If you’ll reply my name is Nidanur :))

  4. You've got questions about life in the United States, American culture, or any English related questions you don’t want to sift through textbooks for the answer? https://goo.gl/9SjeV7

  5. Hello, Alisha. When we are talking about an action finishing in the past without a specific time, should we use the past simple or present perfect? Why?

  6. You are the best english teacher that I've seen in the you tube!!! Tks for helping us and sorry for my rusty english.

  7. Tell the meaning of would have been.. Or where and when we should use this sentence.. Plz maam give ans with examples ok maam

  8. Hello danger teacher I want you and you loving before teacher example and pronunciation vocabulary experience way line is possible in the video experienced minds world rules I think that is possible your mind caching English way line can you do it now see you my love teacher bye

  9. Please help me i have alot of grammatical mistake as well as i can't speak fluently ..even i try everyday please help me

  10. Thanks and good, sangat membantu saya dalam belajar inggris, saya paham apa yang di ucapkan mbak alisa, ada tulisan lebih membantu paham, thanks very much from indonesia, nice

  11. Congratulations Alisha! You teach very well and in the clearest way I have never seen a Teacher explaining before!

  12. But how to improve there is no idea how think in English u suggest sentence structure which are most of the time used in spoken English..

  13. Gosh! That was definitely the best explanation I've ever seen about the difference between Present Perfect and Simple Past. So useful. Thanks a lot Alisha!

  14. I am improving a lot my listening through yours class 👍👌🙌🙌🙏🙏👏👏👏👏

  15. We have been told that Americans use simple past tense while Britishers use Present perfect tense, is it correct?

  16. Thank you very much Alisha you are a very good teacher please make a more videos for all tenses Keep it up

  17. Kindly let me understand how to use double or multiple relative clause for a single subject or object in a same sentence

  18. Hi past Elisha team and greatest compliment the following test it was the first time about the possibility my life and he is and she is going on with my city and state now tody practice in the future so badly and we will need to give is of interest and support you bye

  19. Hello teacher! Could you please tell me the difference between present perfect simple and present perfect continuous tense?

  20. Hi alisha,l'm from Morocco,I want thank you so very much, because you help more people to improve there English lungages. Thanks

  21. Hi Mam,
    Thanks for the awesome video! Hope to see more. Regarding the phrase "1 to 2", you said between 1 & 2. My question is, "is 1 & 2 included?"

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