hello guys welcome back everybody uses paper in his lifetime so we all know what paper is but do we know how or when or where that paper was invented that's a question so you'll not his thirst of paper in this video you heard the begin please click the subscribe button a notification girl for joy in this channel let's begin paper is attained unwoven material made from Milan plant fibers is primarily used for writing artwork and packaging which is commonly white the first paper making practice was documented in China during the Eastern Han period traditionally attributed to court official Kailua during the 8th century China's paper making spread to the Islamic world world pulp mills and paper mills were used for paper making and money making by the 11th century paper making was brought to Europe by the 13th century paper making was refined with paper mills utilizing water wells in Spain later European improvements to the paper making process came to the 19th century with the invention of wood based papers the word paper is etymologically delivered from papers ancient Greek for the siberius papers plant papers is a thick paper like material produced from death of the Cyprus papers plan which was used in ancient Egypt and other Mediterranean societies for writing long before people was used in China papers is prepared by cutting of the thin ribbon like strips of the interior of the Cyprus papers and then laying out the strips side by side to make a sheet a second layer is then placed on top with the strip's running at the right angle to the first the two layers are the pounded together in the sheet the result is very strong but has an uneven surface especially at the edges of the strips when used in schools repeated rolling and enrolling causes the strips to come apart again typically along vertical lines this effect can be seen in many ancient papers documents archaeological evidence of paper making predates the traditional attribution given to Kowloon and an imperial lineage of fish of the hind dynasty does the exact date or inventor of the paper cannot be deduced the earliest extent people fragment was an ear set at Fang matin in gansu province and was like the part of the map dated to 179 to the 141 BCE fragments of paper have also been found at DeWine did 265 BCE and at the human pass dated to 8 BCE Kyle Lewis invention recorded hundreds of years after it took place stated to 105 Cee the innovation is a type of the paper made of the mulberry and all the best fibers along with fishing nets old rags and hen waste which reduced the cost of the paper production which prior to do this and later and west depended solely on rags during the Shang and Song dynasties of ancient China documents were ordinarily written on bone or bamboo making them very heavy awkward and hard to transport the light material of silk was sometimes used as a recording medium but was normally too expensive to consider the Han Dynasty Chinese court official CAI LUN is created as an inventor of method of paper making using rags and out of plant fibers in 105 feet however the discovery of specimen spear in Britain Chinese characters in 2006 and vomit an in north is China's Gansu Province suggests that paper was unused by ancient Chinese military more than 100 years before CAI in 8 BCE and possibly much earlier as the map fragment found at Fang matin tomb sites dates from the early second century BCE it therefore will appear that Chi loons contribution was to improve this skill systematically and scientifically fix a receipt for paper making according to timothy hugh barrett paper played a pivotal role in early chinese written culture and a strong reading culture seems to have developed quickly after its projection despite particle fragmentation indeed the introduction of paper had immense consequences for the book world textual culture seems to have been more developed in South by the early fifth century with individuals owning collections of several thousand Scrolls in the north and entire Palace collection might have been only few thousand schools in total by the early 6th century scholars in both the north and south who were capable of citing the pores for 400 sources in commentaries in all the works a small compilation takes from the 7th century includes citations to over 1400 works according to nd me on Wilkinson 1 consequences of rise of paper in China was that it rapidly began to surpass the material empires in book production during the Tang Dynasty China become a world leader in book production in addition to gradual spirit of woodblock printing from the late Chang and son further boosted they're laid ahead of the rest of the world people began central to the three arts of China poetry painting and calligraphy in later times people constituted one of the four treasures of the scholar studio alongside to brush the ink and ink stone after its origin in central China the production and use of the papers spread steadily it is clear that people was used in June 1 by the 150 Cee in la lu in the modern-day province of Xinjiang by 200 and in Japan by 399 people was concurrently introduced in Japan sometime between the years 280 and 610 papers spread to Vietnam in 3rd century to Korea in the 4th century to Japan in the 5th century after India in the 7th century however the use of the people was not widespread there until the 12th century after the defeat of the Chinese in the Battle of Talas in 751 present-day Kyrgyzstan the invention spread to the Middle East the legend goes the secret of papermaking was obtained from two Chinese prisoners from the Battle of Talas which led to the first paper mill in Islamic world being founded in Samarkand in Saudia modern Davis Pakistan there was a tradition that Muslims will release their prisoners if the acutest tend Muslims in any valuable knowledge there are records of paper being made at gilded in pact stand by the 6th century in Samarkand by the 751 in Baghdad by 793 in Egypt by the 900 and in the fist Muraki Iran 1100 by the ninth century Muslims were using paper regularly although for important works like copies of revered Koran vellum was still preferred advances in book protection and book binding will introduce it in Muslim countries they made books lighter soon with silk and bound with the little colored paste ports they had a flap that wrapped the book up when not in use as paper was less reacted to humidity the heavy ports were not needed by the 12th century in Marrakesh in Muraki street was named could you begin or booksellers which contained more than 100 bookshops in 1035 a Persian traveller visiting markets in Cairo noted that which tables and spices and hard War II were wrapped in paper for customers after they were sold since the First Crusade in 1096 paper manufacturing in Damascus had been interrupted by Wars but its production continued in two other centers Egypt continued with thicker paper while Iran become the center of the thinner papers paper making was diffused across the Islamic world from where it was a diffused further west into Europe paper manufacture was introduced to India in 13th century by Muslim merchants where it almost wholly replaced traditional writing materials the oldest known people document in Europe is a Moe's Arab missile of Schloss from the 11th century probably using paper made in the Islamic part of the Liberian Peninsula they used hemp and line and racks as a source of fiber the first recorded paper mill in the iberian peninsula was het eva in 1056 it is clear that France had a paper mill by 1190 and by 1276 Mills were established in Fabriano Italy and in truvizion and other modern Italian talents by the 13-14 paper making then spread further northwards with evidence of paper being made in troy's france by 1348 in holland sometime around 13:40 1350 in mains Germany in 1320 and in Nuremberg by the 1390 in the mail set up by almond Stromer this was just about the time when at the woodcut printmaking technique was transferred from fabric to paper in old master print and popular prints there was a paper mill in Switzerland by the 1432 and in the first mill in England was set up by the John Tate around 1490 there Hertford but the first commercially successful paper mill in Britain did not occur before the 1588 when John Spillman set up a mill near that fort in Canton during this time people making spread to Poland by the 1491 to your austria by the 1498 to Russia by the 1576 to Netherlands by the 1586 to Denmark by the 1596 and to Sweden by the 1612 in the Americas the archaeological evidence indicates that a similar part paper writing material was used by the Mayas no later than the 5th century ce e call it a medal or a match it was in widespread use manga Mesoamerican cultures until the Spanish conquest the earliest symbol of a man was found him whose lappa near the Magdalena municipality Jalisco Mexico belong to the shaft tomb culture it is dated to 75 BCE the production of m8 is much more similar to paper than papers support material is soaked in water or in the modern method toilet so that it breaks down in the mass of fibers they are then laid out of the frame and press into sheets it is true paper product in that material is not in its original form but based material has much larger fibers than those used in modern papers as a result I made as a router suface than modern paper and may dry into with hills and valleys as a different lens fibers shrink European paper making spread to America's first in Mexico by the 1575 and then in Philadelphia by the 1619 the use of the human and animal powered Mills was known to Chinese and Muslim paper makers however evidence for water powered paper mills is illusion among both prior to the 11th century this general $0.08 of the use of the water powered paper mills in muslim paper making priority 11th century is suggested by the habit of muslims authors at the time to call a projection center not a meal but a paper manufacturing donal Hilton has identified a possible reference to water powered paper mill in some argon in the 11th century work of the Persian scholar abu rayhan biruni but concluded that the passage is to breathe to enable us to say with certainty that it refers to water powered paper mill this is seen by Hal V as evidence of summer camp first harnessing water power in the production of paper but notes that it is not known if water power was applied to paper making elsewhere across the Islamic world at the time Burns remains skeptical given isolated occurrence of the reference and the prevalence of manual labour in Islamic paper making elsewhere pry out the 13th century clear evidence of water powered paper mill dates to 1280 – in Spanish kingdom of Aragon a decree by the Christian King Peter three addresses step establishment of royal millennium a proper hydraulic mill in the paper manufacturing center of Ottawa paper making centers began to multiply in the late 13th century in Italy reducing the price of the paper to 1/6 of the parchment and then falling further paper make my centers reached Germany a century later the first paper mill north of the Alps were established in nuremberg by Ulman Stromer inc 1390 it is later depicted in the lavishly illustrated Nuremberg Chronicle from the mid 14th century onwards European paper milling on the rim and rapid improvement of many work process although cheaper than vellum paper remaining expensive at least in book size at quantities through the centuries until the advent of steam driving paper making machines in the 19th century which could make paper in fibers from wood pulp although all the machines predicted to for drying of paper making machine became the basis for modern most modern paper making legals Louis Robert of zones' France was granted a patent for continues paper making machine in 1799 at the time he was working for a lego detour with whom he quarreled over ownership of the invention did sent his brother-in-law John gamble to make silly and Henry Ford Reiner stationers of London who agreed to finance the project gamble was granted British patent on 20 October 1801 with the help particularly of Brian Duncan and skillet an ingenious mechanic and improved version of the Robert original was installed at Frogmore paper mill Hertfordshire in 1803 followed by another in 1804 a third machine was installed at for drainers own mill at the two waters the four trainers also both a mill Eliot seen nooks intending to install two machines there and the process and the machines continued to develop then in the 1830s and the 1840s two men on two different continents took up the challenge but from a totally new perspective both Frederick gothic Keller and Charles fenerty began experiments with wood but using the same technique used in paper making instead of pulping racks they thought about pulping wood and at about the same time by 1844 they announced their findings they invented a machine which extract the fibers from wood and make paper from it Charles fenerty also bleach it to pulp so that the paper was white this started a new era or papermaking by the end of the 19th century almost all printers in the Western world were using wood in Lisle of rags to make paper

Author Since: Mar 11, 2019

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