during a lengthy battle over civil
rights, the Civil Rights Act was passed by president lyndon b johnson in 1964. It
is a milestone in a long road ahead the Vietnam War has broken out. Teens and
young people see their peers get drafted for the war. Their friends risk their
lives. the beatniks of yesterday leave a legacy of rebellion in San Francisco and
Greenwich Village. Kennedy is assassinated. The United States is
changing. Betty Friedan writes The Feminine Mystique. It is white and
middle-class, but it is a catalyst for the second wave of feminism. The roles of
different groups are changing the roles of people of color women and even youth
the LGBT community felt like a new world was on the horizon… the Mattachine
Society one of the earliest gay rights groups in the u.s. formed in the 1950s
in LA. Although it had radical roots it became a conservative group of gay men
the group mostly aimed at gay white men believed in assimilation some even
thought that homosexuality was a mental illness that they had to struggle
through many young men in the group thought to change the system rather than
integrate into it among these men were Craig rod will Randy wicker dick light
and Frank enemy the Mattachine society and the lesbian group the daughters of
mellitus and the Jana Society would come to form ECHO: The East Coast Homophile Organizations. Together they conducted demonstrations like the 1965 Annual Reminder in front of Independence Hall in Philadelphia. In Washington DC the
daughters of Bilitis and the Mattachine Society protested at the White House in
1965 over the mistreatment of lgbtq+ people by the US and Cuban government
Cuba at the time was putting gay or what they considered gay looking people into
forced labor camps. In 1966 a police raid at San Francisco’s Compton’s cafeteria
turned into a clash between the police and the trans women who frequented the
bar. After the uprising a new surge of trans activist organizations popped up
in San Francisco like the National Transsexual Counseling Unit. In New York
the Mattachine Society conducted “sip-ins” at bars around
1966 where homosexuals were legally unable to be served alcohol. The society
would refuse to leave until they were served drinks. In Silverlake in Los
Angeles again the Black Cat Tavern was raided in 1967, causing uproar among the
lgbtq+ patrons of the tavern. These were the beginnings of the movement the
activism and uprising of LGBT+ people simply living their lives as
often forgotten those who fought back were often forgotten Bayard Rustin. Bayard Rustin was a gay civil rights leader whose work was pivotal in the
1960s but also spans decades of activism he played a leadership role in
organizing the 1963 march on Washington and later wrote influential pieces on
labor relations in the u.s. it was later in his life, the 1980s, that he would
begin working on gay rights activism Rustin is a true example of queer people
making changes in the world in different categories of activism Craig Rodwell.
Rodwell was one of the earlier gay rights activists he was president of the
Mattachine Society and founded the Oscar Wilde memorial bookshop, a community LGBT
bookstore in Greenwich Village that provided several queer people a place to
feel comfortable Craig Rodwell built off the sudden
spark of activism spurred by the Stonewall riots and started the
tradition of Christopher Street Liberation Day a commemoration of the
riots that would later be known as pride marches. Dick Leitsch. Dick Leitsch was another
young man of Greenwich Village he had heard of the activism of the Mattachine
Society but fell disillusioned of its conservatism as some of the members of
the society called homosexuality an illness when he attended a meeting
however in his encounters with Craig Rodwell he eventually loosened up to
attending meetings finding that they had become more liberal especially with Rodwell’s influence. Leitsch eventually became president of Mattachine New York. Inspired
by civil rights activism, Lietsch organized protests against anti-gay laws
like the SIP ins and ran a platform against police entrapment of gay people
randy wicker randy wicker was another member of Mattachine New York. Although, he
later felt that the organization was not doing enough and formed his own
Homosexual League of New York. In 1962 he appeared on a broadcast
WBAI discussing homosexuality in a response to a group of homophobic
psychologists who appeared on the broadcast earlier. This broadcast earned
him acclaim and he gained notoriety speaking at local groups and colleges. He
still had close ties with Mattachine New York and organized a picket on the white
Wall Street induction Center against the military treatment of LGBT people. The
Black Cat Tavern, Compton’s cafeteria and Cooper’s Donuts were all important
moments in our history. They set the stage for later uprisings, however there
was a lack of organization. The Mattachine Society, Daughters of Bilitis
and the Janus Society dressed in conservative clothing, made small strides
that were greatly influential. But it is the mixing of these two elements: the
ability to fight back in the streets and in the law that were essential to
jumpstart the future gay liberation movement. In the next episode of By The Decades, we move back to Greenwich Village and Christopher Street, where
strength, organization and spontaneity would come together in the
Stonewall Inn

Author Since: Mar 11, 2019

  1. Can you make an Are They Gay video about Dirk And Todd from the show Dirk Gently's Holistic Detective Agency? The fandom is not big but it's my favourite TV show and I and people in the fandom ship them. I would be very happy if you made a video about the show. Thank you so much.
    (Brotzly is their ship name)

  2. So interesting and informative! Not sure if you’d be interested in researching the bisexual community in the 90s at a later date, especially with the recent discovery of many, many, asexuals in the bi community as back then the larger bi community was disliked by many and was mostly known for being neither gay nor straight, so many sexualities we recognise (or should recognise) now were under the bi umpbrella back then.

  3. dammmnn gay activists out here lookin like a snacc…. loved the video and thank you. its very well researched and needed information.

  4. I live for this series man, I really admire the work you put into it and the final product is really awesome! Thanks for dedication this corner of the internet to those who are so often left out of history, it means a lot

  5. So, in my English class we were doing essays about analysing characters in depth. Our book to analyze the characters from was To Kill a Mockingbird. So, I did choose the main character, but not only did I analyze her character, but I pointed out that she has potential gender dysphoria. So, I wonder how my teacher will react when he reads that. (Take this with a grain of salt since there isn't solid evidence for this claim. And if you are a trans individual and this offends you in some way, let me say sorry).

  6. +AreTheyGay you make me proud to be a gay Latino teen by showing us our grand gsy history. I would love to tell you, thank you, thank you for making us visible.

  7. i squeal every time you upload. thank you for informing us on a topic that we will likely never be taught about. do you think you could ever discuss asexuality? what it is, and the exclusion we've dealt with from the lgbt+ community? that would be pretty cool. keep on gaying, my dude.

  8. You are amazing dude. I learned a lot of this in my LGBTQ class, but for people who cannot do that, this is very helpful.

  9. Can you do Quentin and Eliot from the magicians? Like I know I’m being queerbaited, but at the same time I don’t, you know?

  10. I love this series (in general I love all your videos), it is so informative and you explain it in a way that is easy to understand, it is inspiring.
    Many of these things I did not know and I thank you for showing them to us.
    I wish this could be taught in all the schools of the world.
    A hug, Alex. I see you in your next video.
    (Forgive me if something is written strangely, English is not my first language)

  11. It's kind of interesting but not best information show on youtube since most of the other vids are just trash but no hate bro

  12. i love this content! was wondering if you have any reliable lgbt+ history resources you can recommend????

  13. I need some advice, I'm writing a comic book and two of my characters have a complex, close history and chemistry. I want to pair them, but a lot of my friends have been saying I shouldn't, because "It's gay, no one would like it!".

    What do you think I should do?

  14. Please do an are they gay for Peter and Harry in the newest Spider-Man cartoon. ITS THERE! IT. IS. THERE!!!!!!!

  15. Can you do a video about drarry one day? I love your videos and I think you can do a very good drarry video!! Love you so much

  16. it's interesting how cuba has went from putting lgbt people in work camps to being an extremely progressive country for lgbt people with castro himself admitting he fucked up

  17. Hey. Could you do an “Are They Gay?” on Enjolras and Grantaire from Les Miserables? That would be AMAZING!

  18. I know you haven't done an are they gay episode for a while but I was wondering if you might do an episode about Antonio and Bassiano from the merchant of Venice. It would be nice and would tie into your LGBT history videos

  19. … so you're telling me that the Stonewall movie could have been about actual white people who contributed to the lgbt+ community but instead they went for an oc that took credit for something he did not do ?
    … I'm done with this planet. Also, all of those people deserve recognition. Thanks for bringing them to light.

  20. ngl, being gay is a defect. It isn't normal and shouldn't be considered as such. That doesn't mean to say that it should be punished, just not encouraged or promoted or praised.

  21. I'm gay and a history buff and these videos are just so informative, I hope more come out (pun intended) soon

  22. I would be awesome if you could do Cecil and Carlos from wtnv as an April fools Day prank. I say a prank because they are legit in a cannon relationship so

  23. I love your videos, they are very informative and important for everyone to see. The only problem is that Trans is not the same as Drag Queens. Most of the times you say Trans people did something, it was actually Drag Queens.

  24. @ 02:07 They were called Drag Queens not Trans.
    Not all Gay Men wearing women's clothes were considered Trans. They called themselves
    Drag Queens and there were Drag Queens at Stonewall as well.
    The word Trans. also used to be short for the old term, 'Transvestite' an old label used by Doctors for Men that liked to dress up in Women's clothing. We call them Drag Queens.

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