So which tense do we use for talking about
the past? Past simple of course we use it because the name says it, but what about present
perfect? Can we use present perfect to talk about the past? Yes we can, but how? So stay
tuned to find out how we can use present perfect to talk about the past. My name is Michelle
and stay tuned… All right so as I told you that you can use present perfect to talk about the past but before we go to that let’s see how we use past simple to talk about the past.
This is quite simple, so we say, “I finished the course last month.” It’s quite evident
that we are talking about the past because the main verb is in the past, it has ‘ed’.
All right, so which verbs have ‘ed’? Regular verbs have ‘ed’ like dance-danced-danced,
finish-finished-finished, complete-completed-completed. So these are regular verbs and this is a past
simple sentence. For an action that finished in the past, all right? Now let’s look at
the next one, “We saw James yesterday.” So the action is finished, all right? “We
saw James yesterday.” Very interesting. Now here again we have the past simple verb,
the past form of ‘see’ but, we do not say ‘seeed’, do we say ‘seeed’? We
say saw because this is an irregular verb, so we do not add ‘ed’ here, great. Something
that I want you to pay attention to is, “I finished the course last month.” So here
we are using last month, right? So past simple is usually used with past time markers, for
example here we say yesterday, here we say last month. So we usually have past time markers
for past simple tense. Past time markers which means they tell us about a time in the past,
great. Now here we have the next sentence and this is very tricky because here we are
going to compare past simple with present perfect, so “I’ve lived here since 2006.”
Good, what is the tense of this sentence? So the tense of the sentence is present perfect
because we have ‘have’ here. ‘I’ve’ is a contraction for ‘I have’. Whenever
we have ‘have’ plus the past participle which is lived here it makes it the present
perfect tense which is used to talk about the past, but what is the difference? So the
difference is that here, “I’ve lived here since 2006.” So here we are talking about
a time in the past until now. So this is not a finished action. This is an action that
started in the past and has finished in the present until now, possibly not even finished
in some cases. So let’s see it on the timeline, right? Here is our present, okay? This is
the future and here we have the past, so let’s say I started living here in 2006, this is
a moment in the past, until now which is 2016, so this time is covered by ‘have’ which
is present perfect. I cannot say, “I lived here since 2006.” That will be incorrect.
We only use the present perfect, so I’ll say, “I’ve lived here since 2006.” And if you
want to use the past simple then it will change, then you will talk only about one moment in
the past, like this, now, past and future. So if you’re talking about the past simple
you’ll say, “I lived here in 2006.” So at one point in the past, you lived here,
when? In 2006. So this is 2006 and that’s when you lived. But here we are talking about
a time from 2006 until now, so this is the purpose of present perfect it connects the
past with the present until now. Now let’s see different ways to use the present perfect
to talk about different situations. So here we have, “I’m not hungry, thanks.” “I’ve
already had dinner.” So do you see this is an action, okay? A situation and this is
an action, so the action is that, “I’ve already had dinner.” this happened in the
past, right? But it’s results are seen in the present so because I ate in the past that’s
why right now I’m not hungry. So that’s how you can use this tense. You can use this tense
to show the present effects of a past action. “I’ve already had dinner.” “I’m not
hungry now, thanks.” Okay, now let’s look at the next one that we have “I’ve seen
that film four times.” So what do you see special here? We are trying to show how many
times something happened until now. So until now, until this moment I have seen that film
four times. How many times something happened. So we can use the present perfect to talk
about the number of times something has happened. Right, “I’ve been to Japan four times.”
Which means until now I’ve been to Japan four times. With that we come to the next one,
“Rebecca has had a baby girl.” This means that something happened just now, very close
to the present. What am I trying to do here? I’m trying to announce the news, “Rebecca
has had a baby girl.” So this is a news which happened just now, so a recent news.
So you’d use the present perfect to talk about a recent news but be careful, if you want
to add more information to it, if you want to say that what time the baby was born, so
you’d say, “Rebecca has had a baby girl, she was born at 3 o’clock.” “She was
born at 3 o’clock.” Now this is past simple, so whenever you’re trying to add more information
to a recent news in present perfect you say it in past simple. “Rebecca has had a baby
girl, she was born at 3:00” Right so here we are using the past simple along with present
perfect. Now let’s look at the next sentence that we have with us, “I’ve hurt my leg
and I can’t walk properly.” So as you can see that this is an action in the past
and this is the result, okay? Just like this one, “I’m not hungry, thanks.” “I’ve
already had dinner.” So because somebody hurt their leg that’s why they can’t walk
properly and maybe they’re limping. Now something tricky you’ll often hear Britishers say it
out like this, “I’ve hurt my leg and I can’t walk properly.” But when Americans talk
about an action in the past with present results they often use the past simple. They’d say,
“I hurt my leg and I can’t walk properly.” So you’ll know whether a person is America
or a Brit just by hearing them out which tense do they use. Okay the next one, “Have you
called your mother yet?” Again here you’ll often hear Britishers use, “Have you called
your mother yet?” But the Americans would use the simple past for this, so what do you
think would be the simple past for this? You’d say, “Did you call your mother yet?” Here
we remove the ‘ed’ because we cannot have more than one past word in the sentence so
“Did you call your mother yet? And because it’s a question. Great. So with this we understand
how to use the present perfect to talk about the past and here’s another tricky sentence
for you, “I’ve already had dinner.” How would an American say it? Definitely a British
will use have but American won’t. He’d say, “I already had dinner.” All right, just
like this one. Okay I hope that you’ve completely understood how to use the past simple to talk
about the past and even the present perfect to talk about the past in different ways.
So with the past simple we talk about an action in the past but with the present perfect we
talk about an action in the past which has present results. Thank you so much. I hope
this was helpful and you’ll have great results in the future by watching all my grammar lessons.
Please click on other videos to watch other grammar lessons. Thank you so much, bye, bye.

Author Since: Mar 11, 2019

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  2. awsome great information about bothe the tenses and mam really u looking sooo beautiful like u looked always .love u mam

  3. From this lesson only I understood the difference b/w the British and Americans English..thanks you lot buddy😘

  4. Mom I am Bangladeshi and regular watch your lecture from Bangladesh. I am so impressed with your excellent lecture. You are also so sweet, cute,beautiful and lovely madam.

  5. Thanks Mam you have cleared my problem because some time when I try to use this thing, I'm fumble of my language.
    Thanks

  6. Wouldn't it be more appropriate ''Didn't you call your mother yet?'' or ''Did you ever call your mother?'' instead ''Did you call your mother yet'',Michelle?

  7. I have a quick question about this lesson because I got confused with this one:
    I've lived here since 2006. It should be said in Perfect continuous.

  8. आपकी इंग्लिश स्पीकिंग बहुत अच्छी है.👌..लेकिन हमारी नही..आप जब हिंदी में वीडियो को एक्सप्लेन करती है तभी हमे ज्यादा समझ आयेगा..माफ कीजियेगा हमे..मिशेल जी।

  9. You, Niharika and Meera should be the only teachers for let's talk. Only you 3 together have the skills and manner to do it. Love all of you 3 together.

  10. Thank you ma'am.
    Ma'am please make a lesson about. Asked word how to use it I always confuse ask. Mean puchna or kaha Gaya please tell us ma'am

  11. Thank you…now I cleared..please teach remaining tenses also…

    All tenses with examples in one video also gives more clarification

  12. I knew you was Michelle all of you 3 have a special sympathy love to see the videos only with you 3 and I see them again and again thanks for being there also all of 3 are real beautiful girls, sorry for me I have to tie up my dreams. God bless you.

  13. I've watched your lessons since last year.
    I've learnt a lot now i can speak English.
    I subscribed the channel one year ago.

  14. Sorry but brits and americans talk about recent hapenings differently. E.g. If Donald Trump JUST lost his brains he'll say "I lost my brains" but Prince Charles will say "I've lost my brains". Oooops, same timing, same result- different national use of tenses

  15. Third number sentence is Grammatically incorrect. it must be " I have been here since 2006" or you just add living….😊😊

  16. Need personal english course. Why? The issue i am trying to resolve, hasn’t been with many other videos but you madam resolved it in a single time. Thanks. Need personal training from u ☺️☺️

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