Once upon a time, there was a law, which allowed
people to enslave the poor ones, to enslave others just because they had a different skin
color. Slavery shows us the dark side of humans. In this video, we will go through the whole
history of slavery since ancient to our modern 21st century. Yes until the 21st century, unfortunately,
slavery still exists today in different forms. Hi, guys, you are watching eclectic, this
video was made possible with the help of RestavekFreedom.org, an organization which aims to end child slavery
in Haiti. THE ORIGINS OF THE SLAVERY
The precise beginning of slavery is difficult to track because specific written records
are very difficult to find. Due to the sociological makeup of the groups,
we know that slavery was not a part of hunter-gatherer societies, so the first identifiable evidence
of slavery comes from the Code of Hammurabi out of Mesopotamia. The Code of Hammurabi is a well-preserved
Babylonian code of law of ancient Mesopotamia, dated back to about 1754 BCE. It is one of the oldest deciphered writings
of significant length in the world. The sixth Babylonian king, Hammurabi, enacted
the code. This ancient text refers to slavery as a common
practice throughout the region which had been in place for thousands of years at the time
it was written. Slavery Throughout the Ancient World
The practice of human slavery grew as the world became more civilized and organized
cities and farms were developed. Ancient Sumer or Sumeria is still considered
to be the birthplace of slavery. Slavery grew out of Sumer into Greece and
other parts of ancient Mesopotamia. The Ancient East, specifically China and India,
didn’t adopt the practice of slavery until much later, as late as the Qin Dynasty in
221 BC. Historians debate whether or not the practice
of slavery in India existed before this time, most of the historians believe that the slavery
did not exist in ancient India as there is no word in ancient Sanskrit that can be translated
as “slave.” The Life of a Slave in Ancient Times
Slavery in ancient times typically came about as a result of debt, birth into a slave family,
child abandonment, war, or as a punishment for crime. In the ancient period, the slave trade was
not very popular and was certainly not a booming global business. Rather, slavers would often seek out a buyer
who could use the specific skills of a slave, matching supply with demand on a local and
personal level. According to historical texts, the lives of
slaves in ancient times were typically better than that of peasants and agricultural laborer
in the same era, as they had regular care, food, shelter, and clothing. Slaves rarely attempted to run away unless
their masters were cruel. SLAVERY IN THE MIDDLE AGES
(defined by historians as a three-part time period between 500 AD and 1500 AD) Throughout
the Middle Ages, the practice of slavery changed dramatically as global warfare, raiding and
conquering spanned across continents. This led to chaos and confusion as the citizens
of conquered regions were taken as slaves and transported across many miles to work
as slaves for their captors. Medieval Slavery in Europe
King Charlemagne is responsible for uniting large parts of West and Central Europe at
the outset of the Middle Ages. This unification was brought through war and
violence and many of his campaigns involved taking slaves and selling them to the highest
bidders. Under the reign of King Charlemagne, European
slaves became more popular throughout Muslim countries, marking the true beginning of the
global slave trade. Throughout this period in history, Vikings
were also taking slaves across Europe, concentrating heavily on The British Isles. Additionally, Spain and Portugal were in an
almost constant state of Holy War between Muslims and Christians, leading to many women
and children being taken into slavery in the name of God or Allah. Medieval Slavery in Asia
Throughout the Middle Ages, slavery was growing in Asia as the Islamic invasions of India
resulted in the enslavement of hundreds of thousands of Indians. One historical record shows that in the year
1001 the armies of Mahmud Ghazi conquered Peshawar and captured and enslaved roughly
100,000 children and young people. During this same period in China, documents
show that royals from the Tang Dynasty purchased many European and Jewish slaves. The soldiers and pirates who served the Tang
Dynasty also took countless slaves in raids on Korea, Turkey, Persia, and Indonesia as
well as thousands of slaves taken from indigenous Aboriginal tribes. SLAVERY IN THE AMERICAS
The story of the American slave trade is the first chapter in the history of slavery where
most of us already have some familiarity. Whether it be from graphic films on the transportation
of Africans boarding slave ships or your high school American history class, most adults
are aware of the origins of slavery in the United States. The Origins of American Slavery
The first slaves were brought to America in 1619, when 20 men from Africa were brought
to Jamestown, Virginia. Historians are not sure whether this was the
true beginning of the legal slave trade in the colonies. Roughly 60 years later, via the Royal African
Slave Company, records show that the slave trade was booming in the British Colonies,
and colonists began to acquire slaves in larger numbers. Evidence suggests that the main reason for
this dramatic increase was a sharp decline in the availability of servants who are bound
by the contracts. In America, the majority of African slaves
were concentrated in the Caribbean region to work on plantations. European colonies were dependent on African
slaves on the islands to produce their sugar and coffee. Additionally, many African slaves were sold
to owners in both Brazil and the Spanish Americas for both field and household work. The journey from Africa to the Americas was
a horror that many did not survive. The ships were tightly packed, low on food,
and without proper sanitation. This led to a rapid spread in fatal diseases
such as dysentery, fever, and smallpox, killing both the Africans and the ship’s crew. Death was commonplace in the slave trade,
and when a man or woman passed away, their bodies were simply tossed into the ocean. This was an additional shock for the Africans,
as they believed that death and burial should be handled with care and honor. Depending on the origin and final destination
of the slave ship, this journey could take anywhere from three weeks to several months. Records estimate that between 10 and 20 million
Africans were brought to the Americas in this inhumane fashion, although many were cast
into the ocean along the way, it was a tragedy too horrifying to wrap your mind around. THE ABOLITIONIST MOVEMENT
Slavery is an appalling practice that has existed since the origins of human history. Although at many points in history, liberators
have worked to free specific groups of people, the Abolitionist Movement was different, as
it aimed to put an end to slavery as a practice. The Roots of the Abolitionists
Some of the first countries to abolish the practice of slavery were located in Western
Europe, around 1500. Many European countries were careful in not
using slavery in their homelands but relied heavily on slaves to build their empires abroad. The next step in the abolitionist movement
was the ending of the slave trade globally. Slavers who were caught transporting slaves
across the ocean were tried in court, and those captured were set free. However, there were still large numbers of
slaves already in place in the Americas, and the profitability of the work slaves provided
made them a valuable commodity to their owners. The American Civil War
At the time of the American Civil War, there were more than 4 million slaves working in
the United States, 95% of whom were in the Southern states. The major political issue leading up the beginning
of the Civil War was the expansion of slavery to the West. Northern abolitionists believed that if they
could stop the spread of slavery, they could end the practice altogether. In 1860, Abraham Lincoln won the presidency,
and the Southern states left the Union shortly and formed the Confederacy. The Confederate States of America were centered
around the preservation of slavery, while the Northern Union was focused on preserving
the country, as well bringing an end to slavery. The Emancipation Proclamation and Beyond
With the stroke of a pen, President Lincoln changed the war by signing the Emancipation
Proclamation, changing the status of all enslaved Americans from bondage to freedom. This meant that although slaves were still
working throughout the South Region if they could escape to the North, they would be legally
free. Many slaves were able to escape to northern
states using the Underground Railroads. In 1865, the Union regained control of the
Confederate States, and the slaves in those areas were formally freed. Many of the freedmen joined the American Army
and Navy to ensure their free status. Although legally free, the lives of black
Americans did not immediately improve. The battle for racial equality is one that
is still ongoing in the United States, a reminder of our dark past. MODERN DAY SLAVERY
Sadly, even after the hard work of many prominent leaders like Lincoln, Martin Luther King and
many others like them, the end of slavery didn’t come in the 19th century. Modern or contemporary slavery still exists
across the globe, often in places, you wouldn’t expect. Experts estimate that there are roughly 40.3
million enslaved people currently in bondage. So, What Does 21st centuries modern Slavery
Look Like? There are many forms of modern-day slavery,
all of which involve people being forced to work against their will. This can take the form of prostitution, physical
bondage, forced labor, human trafficking, debt bondage or simply being born into slavery. Researchers estimate that worldwide these
numbers breakdown to 25 million in forced labor, 15.4 million in forced marriages, 4.8
million sexual exploitation and more than 10 million child slaves. The most vulnerable among us are always the
most likely to become enslaved. Women and children are often forced into slavery
against their will because they have no other options or resources to live or to fight back. Other times, migrants and refugees are sold
into slavery when seeking asylum, as is currently the case with thousands of Rohingya Muslims
currently working in the Thai fishing industry. Global slavery index. Research from the Global Slavery Index shows
that North Korea, Uzbekistan, Cambodia, India, and Qatar have the highest percentage of slavery
among their population. In North Korea roughly 4.37% of the population
is enslaved, most of these by the North Korean government who force them into slavery, even
selling them to work abroad in Russia, China, and even the United States. In India, modern day slavery often involves
debt bondage, where individuals are forced into slavery to pay off debt, either their
own or from previous generations. We need more people to come forward, we need
to spread this message to as many as people we can. One way you can help stop modern slavery is
by knowing and understanding the signs. For example, if a person cannot leave their
job, reports low wages, they may be victims of slavery. For children, look for a lack of access to
education, poor nutrition, shabby clothing, and lack of playtime. If you notice children’s beds or clothing
in factories or businesses where they don’t belong, this is an indicator of child slavery. If you recognize any of these signs, call
the National Human Trafficking Hotline at 1-888-373-7888 to report it. Thank You all for watching, See you soon

Author Since: Mar 11, 2019

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