in the previous episode we learn how
science was in the fourth century BC today we will know about two scientists
in the 3rd century BC, without them the progress of science was not possible in
any way. so let’s know about them. subscribe to
the channel and turn on the notification bell so you never miss an update 3rd century BC Euclid sometimes given the name Euclid of Alexandria to distinguish
his from Euclid of Megara was a Greek mathematician often referred to as the
founder of geometry or the father of geometry he was active in Alexandria
during the reason of ptolemy his elements is one of the most influential
work in the history of mathematics serving as the main textbook for
teaching mathematics from the time of its publication and in the late 19th or
early 20th century in the elements you cliques deduced that theorems of what is
now called Euclidean geometry from a small set of axioms Euclid also wrote
works on perspective one exception sweary all geometry numbers fury and etc
in addition to the elements a list pi works of Euclid have survived to the
present day they follow the same logical structure as elements with definitions
and proof propositions which are on division of figures which survives only
vertically in Arabic translations concern the division of geometrical
figures into two or more equal parts or in two parts its given ratio kitab
tricks which concerns the mathematical theory of mirrors particularly the image
formed in plane and spherical concave mirrors
next Archimedes of Syracuse was a Greek mathematicians physicist engineer
inventor and astronomer although few details of his life are known he’s a
regarded as one of the leading scientists in classical antiquity
generally considered the greatest mathematician of antiquity and one of
the greatest of all time Archimedes anticipated modern calculus and analysis
by applying concept op in piracy means and the method of exhaustion to derive
and rigorously prove our range of geometrical theorems including the area
of a circle the surface area and volume of a sphere and the area under a
parabola other mathematical achievements include deriving and accurate
approximations of pi define the investigating the spiral bearing his
name and creati system using Exponential’s for
expression with very large numbers he was also one of the first to apply
mathematics to physical phenomena founding Hydra statistics and statistics
including and explanations of the principle of the liver
he is accredited with designing innovative machines such as his crew
camp compound palsy etc and defensive wire machines to protect his native
sayaka’s from inhibitions among his notable discoveries where Archimedes
principle Archimedes Q claw of Archimedes and fitra
Archimedes died during the siege of Syracuse when he has killed by a Roman
soldier despite order that he should not be
harmed Cesaro describes visiting the term of
Archimedes which was surmounted by a sphere and a cylinder
which Archimedes had requested be placed on his term truly present his
mathematical disco hearts friends today it is I will be presenting some new
information for you on the next episode if you like these videos heat like and
do not forget to come

Author Since: Mar 11, 2019

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