DJ Spooky – That Subliminal Kid -Remix Culture



the other library songs and general mass communications there are a lot of people that helped bring Paul Milner to Jason be here today I'm going to be doing first I'm going to tell you other stuff we have sponsorship from a large variety of campus organizations that by way in itself is a way of talking about what Paul Miller and as DGC does the art department is contributing the university program in cultural studies the school of information and library sciences is open to you project the carolina union activities board free culture of Carolina student group dedicated to free culture and remix culture and I really adore which for fifteen years has been helping people that want to share information freely illegally now that we've done the sponsors Paul Miller is a creative person in all ways as you'll see from his work with music from video but also for an interpretive understanding and remix culture to give an example for myself I first saw Paul Miller in performance in a warehouse in San Francisco the creative commons kicked off when he was beginning a rebirth of a nation a couple of years later my mother-in-law saw helmets paleta in Charleston do rebirth of the nation and year and a half after that then the thirteen-year-old son and that's all signed a rebirth of the nation at Memorial Hall in between the Nativity Lincoln Center and number does another number of other venues but homeowner doesn't stop it just creating culture uses spreads and distributes cultures by way of his books this is work from my mentor rhythm science which is taught in a couple of courses here at mooing speed but you don't have to be any horses to buy it it's for sale yeah for those of you who are patient Paul Miller is the editor of the forthcoming sound unbound from MIT press which has a number of great contributors to remix culture writing in it and if that's not enough there will be CDs after the show which you will be encouraged to listen to to pass on an end to copy [Applause] like me there's no purchases in fact money will be accepted I'll be right over here Paul Miller of course you see him as DJ Spooky his recent stuff up trying to talk about the cultural reach from warehouse to Lincoln Center he's also performed at the Venice Biennial it's African remixes afar listen worldwide he's now reporting penguins and ice in America and then article so far that I know of that's all of these faces an anaconda remixed tomorrow night at Duke University which UNC students may purchase at the same discount is dude even though he lost a ball game $5.00 he'll be doing a piece based on white stacks when Stax Records went into White's and did what was known as the black grid stock tonight it's sold out the may the staples who was one of the original performers at that event will be performing and doing a really neat program of connecting generations and work across time and space as they are going after Amon 90 watts today's he's going to do a talk and lecture which will be interactive and that one point later we're going to bring up two people to speak with him as he speaks to you those people are a living squeals from the department of art and TJ anderson i know it was a great friend but also is an avant-garde competitor who was for a long time the head of the music department at tufts and also a colleague among others melvin Tulsa who you saw depicted probably I wanted to say thank you guys know so Friday afternoon it's not every day you come out to see a lecture on Friday right but the whole idea today kind of explores issues that I think are very resonant with contemporary art but also contemporary music and the overall idea of the cultural production processes right now so I'm an artist I'm a writer I'm a musician and the funny thing that always tends to linger in my mind is how people tend to compartmentalize things so I'll writers the writer and artist is over there musicians over there and one of the things that I ended up encountered when I was coming up in the ancient mid-90s I said people really very firm about the boundaries between meals and when I think about a problem the amount left on that music want to think about all the different categories that contemporary culture you know kind of interact with one of the things that really you know holds it all together this software so software is a really destabilized a lot of the categories people use to define marks so I would do today is kind of unpack some issues I think really drive a lot of the artwork that I'm dealing with and to hopefully draw you guys into some of the mythology that you know I used to create my work so first it's almost the lecture is kind of you know it's not a good club like under stuff so this is the architecture just as I took the final over the years one of the first things that people kind of think about with DJ music mixes so a lot of issues in didn't deal with during lecture are about sample which to me at least I like to call the Photoshop imagination at this point everyone is driven by kind of layered sense of collapse whether you're online and going websites or whether you're downloading files and looking at multiple screens at the same time that sense of disassociation of always having multiple information coming at you I think is another kind of underlying theme of a lot of nature's in talking about so we look at this idea of a tension between partner and artifact mix and remixes what ends up happening is you have a conversation between originality and derivative works which I think if you look at sampling over the courses last twenty or thirty years it's kind of like unplugging some of the issues that drive collective consciousness at this point so I want to play a little example I was in the plan example is work memory is a strange place forgotten soon and one of the things that always strikes me whenever I do talk is people one concrete examples of editing as an art form so one play you a quick example of one of the first people that really think about this distinction la is so not favorite filmmakers but he started out as a magician and so tonight arts today after three o'clock I wanted I haven't returned take you guys on a little trip back in time to the analog yard and what you're going to see here is one of the first music videos were sampling which is visually and he makes copies of himself and becomes a one-man band so disproven this is from 1900 which is now over a hundred years ago and just think about I know the Hangout video from health casters as you know but what they do today is playing with fragments of collective numerous so while this is playing one asks what we can pass out these CDs and the idea here is this gift economy playing these fragments and the idea hopefully instead as your CDs five minutes on stage you can kind of think about the way that listening experience is of course fragments itself so I'll pass this out you can get a couple of people problematical quickly just take one there just take one and pass it on yeah so hopefully they'll be enough for everybody I'd like to call us to gift economy so music is made in networks it's always about certain kinds of exchange and one of the things I've found over the years is everybody likes different styles of music but if there's one thing that I've kind of done into destabilizes categories again so very few people listen to an album all the way through these days they listen to one or two selections and move on so what I wanted to do with this discussion is clear that with these mixes so if you open it up and you see you got one with a pair of sheets that's 40 years that you make it music if you got one that's a dancing joke that's a lot my hip-hop remixes and mashups and like Missy Elliott if you're Beastie Boy and stuff like that if you got one with the rabbit from Alice in Wonderland that's why remixes of classical music if you got the one with the American flag that's my previous people like Yoko Ono or the doors they're all everybody meets you today or something different so the pun here is not only is the discussion about fragmentation but the fact that it's a democratization of things so hopefully that kind of riffs on this all night Dave sampling in collage and what ends up happening with the gift economy issues for people it's raining so we got the one that's a Jamaican one you want to hear a classic music trade with your neighbor or if you got the one that's other your heard something else but the idea of the gift economy it says usually it's a kind of deity realized constituting visible and very nuanced and very elusive currency so we set up a network of trade so MIT Marini of course is always what the Sam things about I'm playing with the familiar so I'm wondering like I said before starting with the belly age which is that this is a film made at the turn of the last century and think about sampling I'll explain the process after you see this Arminius on the yellow will press the soft on weakness of the zone today in Mali and of case so what you were just saying what your the same was essentially someone making copies of himself so in 1900 but he had to actually record every movement who's making film now than projected into the wall record an interactive image projection so that he didn't keep doing that over processed that became about eight or nine copies of himself so that's the kind of imagination I'm talking about the beginning of the 20th century sentient nonlinear editing be able to dig into a text take out fragments of them and create a sequence so what it's up happening there is you have editing itself as a phil' emetic storytelling process so the editor becomes the storyteller and you tell the stories with fragments of interior but mainly a star dies magician and one of my favorite other filmmakers Orson Welles was working a little bit later in the end of having a very things he's called for the worlds where he played with this idea of realism by creating a false impression that we were being invaded by Martians which actually these days still believe something of it if you go to area 51 but the funny thing with that was that at that time a film was made in the projection is very avant-garde and even if people saw a train coming on the screen and get up and run because they felt that the sense of realism at that time is incredibly rich is very detailed so for magician become a filmmaker both Milanese and Orson Welles are magicians always really interested they wanted to take a magic process and make it become film but the same thing is going on with sound Thomas Edison was pushing the whole idea of the courting media so you have a very interesting connection between collage and visual arts and sonic arts so and whatever update this so we move from the analog with this one to this gentleman here and think of the same process but this is taking in a very familiar speech the thing this is magic realism the other day a very familiar speech that's been edited and resequenced and the words have been to cut up splice and remix here we go during these last few months I've been trained by al-qaeda weak and materialistic I told our country I told the world it feels good to do it I hope you will join me in expressing food and selfishness we went race tyranny and death as a car wash and a creepy maybe someone were evil [Applause] [Applause] and then to the sea not only the good work of charities but the values that will bring lasting peace and we have a great opportunity during this time of war to lead the world toward suicide and all right so you get the idea here that editing itself becomes selection of the material and that selection is part of the art form so what's been going on with the conventional art world over the last century or so is it people and really trying to figure out the role of the found object but the same things been happening in the role of the composer the same things been happening in all of the department so behind then you have a very famous photograph but that issue is great from 1915 it's the cover of Scientific American and one of them happening with this series of photographs is that they realized what you call stop-motion photography breaking apart small fragments of movement or something that allowed you to see how the motion of an object would actually unfold so you can see the note about jumping the cameras clicking a very fast rating you can also see the whole issue of someone fencing in Sullivan that sense of being able to break apart and make fragments of everyday life so was the photographic issues but what ended up happening was that digital media kind of brought that home to roost as for all of us so say for example I'll just play a quick drum solo that's a small Senate so what ended up happening is if I just took a small fragment out I made it and that's just a tiny second of that what you were just hearing these max village go souls I collect old records and then deed is that my archives part of my talent and what I end up doing is looking for records and videos and all these kinds of bits and pieces of everyday life that have been recorded and that becomes the artists palette you know forget painting and sculpture and so on but when you look back at the origins of the filaments and among all these at the Recording Arts weddings accompanies the recorded video itself becomes part of what you end up using to create so Marcel Duchamp was operating around the same time as this photograph from 1915 and the idea that valid object became revolutionary in the contemporary art world at that time he put a sink here on the wall for example or at the Italian futurist dealing with the early north all sorts of movements that were critiquing perspective and also even won the role of a composer was they say for example the futures entrance term the art of North example so let me skip ahead here this is me when I was about two years old black power half full so that's you know 1972 and when you look back at that time of course no internet or there's two very very infant my dad was a lawyer for music Dean of Howard University Law School and my family had always gonna have an academic environment but as a kid one of the things that I kind of ended up in your activism was my dad's record so I love the fact that I could this is Miles Davis or he was really into a lot of the bebop stuff like Dizzy Gillespie or Charlie Parker and going through the records at that time it wasn't about taking bits and pieces and actually listened to the whole album which I very rarely do these days but that time period you know it was two years old and of course that was barely you know more hair than I do now from there but the pun here is that not only has that kind of sense of community and listening to records over the course the last 30 years change but if you look throughout the entire century what ends up becoming the crystallized kind of if people look back in the 20th century it'll be that views the era of the recording that's Thomas Edison was really an amazing inventor to deal with everything from electricity to looking at how the phonograph could be recording devices and as a matter of fact he never really felt that people would want to listen to records as a matter of fact he felt that the early photographs are going to be recorded with business dictation you know so you could get rid of your secretary so when you look at that you guys flux solids ideas it's recording all of that comes from essentially a couple different people who are experimenters at the turn of the last century so Bailey is making that magic trix out of film Thomas Edison thinking that recording devices with the use of dictation you realize how radically new that art forms were back then so what I want you to do is kind of take a trip back and forth more time and look at this as a nonlinear process so what happens when all of history becomes an archive of game and you're going through all the bits and pieces of almost record adopted and being able to create from that's what the Creative Commons is about the shareware talent versus the Photoshop mentality we're now in the era of immensely large numbers where you have everything from a gigabyte which is a billion terabytes a trillion petabyte exabyte Zevon and so on the amount of information that humanity makes every year is about seven petabytes of information and one petabyte supposedly if you look at the mathematical amount of information that represents represents almost more than all the recorded history of everything teller written throughout human history so but most of the funny thing is the data they're making nowadays is you know cell phones faxes satellite transmissions most of it would be you know illegible to the opportunity so we're making more information about ourselves than we actually need so seven petabytes of information that would fill almost every skyscraper Manhattan with pieces of paper you know to the top floor for miles around and the factor supposedly is enough paper to cover the entire planet if you ready to cut think about how much information to take to actually document better so we live in the era of large numbers so DJing is a kind of an information filter it's a search engine for seven you're looking for bits and pieces you're looking for how to actually dive into this immense amount of reported material the last century is generated and looking to make the Congress in abstract or Dida's realized sculpture out of it so you compose your recordings and the funny thing that happens is you're playing with information as our music and not as musics but music as information so that was one second and what ends up happening is that when you edit and create it's kind of repetition you get to a point where almost all the materials in the way you poop them this becomes the art from so many days addicted to that push the speech this one thing that ended up just as hidden you know a billiard ball all of that is about playing with fragments of time so what I would probably do more and more as I've been dealing with this art form of playing with invisible material is that people tend to relate to video and film as a kind of global storytelling machinery at this point so I started out I went to vote in college up in Maine did two degrees one philosophy the other in French literature both total uses but read censored French books I guess but I used in these debates with my philosophy professor about the idea of what was this critique of you know new production forms and I did my invited uh my Senior Honors thesis on the good for about no anyway so you know all German philosopher but one day we got a big debate in class about philosophy in an urban context of Socrates and Plato would stand up on a soapbox in the middle of Athens in the Agora and you know my philosophy they don't know sounds like well that sounds like Harris won so I'm abbreviating to set in the class of early Public Enemy and you know saying this is be the contemporary aural equivalent of philosophy or Carrick's will have this album qualify for losses and my philosophy professors like no that's her big news culture and that was well I think Plato Socrates in 3d you know back in there but I love this idea paradoxes the new form versus old how we always apply old forms to do and it's always a paradox because you're always fighting it last war so what ends up happening is that the new technologies in new media usually take much longer than filtered through the culture so that artists and creatives is actually interactive in a creative pointer so I think that process is now accelerated because of digital media is about the culture of the copy and what ends up happening is that both these DVR lines and actually very ethereal recording software so once it turns the whole art world motion of scarcity over ten so if you looking at painting or sculpture and so on is very their market driven materials that have to be rich person stops you see what Picasso on the wall that's what gives it value scarcity with digital media is the opposite it's about the culture of dispersion and again that's why pass out these CDs at the beginning because at the end of the day it's copies of copies and the idea of an original work or derivative or copy order it really is the most as fun here is immaterial so what is happening is that they artists become someone interactive at this floating world of information someone who is an engineer as it's just as much as an artist as an artist because they're playing with information so the pun here is that not only is sampling about filtering information through the huge volume of stuff we were generated but it democratizes taste because at the end of the day or 32 Wikipedia in my space and so on most of the these kinds of social network sites are based on Democratic response to information whereas the 20th century was based on top-down model you know monopolize me you know of Hurst all the different newspaper reason to tell you there's a war in Iraq and of course it's not a war in Iraq or whatever we now have this infinity perspectives of different versions of the same material so that actually leads us back to the philosophy of deconstruction in turn plus miners and all that stuff that I regretfully learned to college so after all this debate in the going to New York I was writing for art form the Village Voice for publishing magazines and so I know throwing good parties like help all things written for parties and I'm sorry how much it consumed either artists everybody would bring the material over the idea was the event is a social sculpture so people would bring materials bits and pieces which are 5 bucks at the door and repayment for the studio for the month and so those parties eventually took office as a series of partner businesses so they wanted to be reflective happenings in 60 days or using multimedia as a kind of party or social environment but we realized also there was an art form involvement even putting together the event so initially the whole digital key thing was a sense of humor made these stickers because I believe sneakers are a kind of art form their own right – I design the stickers along with cities you guys go but there were definite multiple like you can just you know make copies and then that's the point didn't see these there's extra stuff don't remember but stickers the identified multiple the urban landscape as a kind of uneasy tension between public versus private space so for Fiji and pile stickers they all intervene in public space in a way that's kind of like you don't want a blank surface as a train do any tag you know your name as a logo so what enough happening in the late 70s or early 80s these kinds of art forms were intruding into public space in a way that created hip-hop so it's a long story to go back from how that involved but I'm going to do a quick sound bite kind of thing of it to me at least comes out of this idea of the sound system which is a Jamaican kind of situation and when we just play a quick flip or since I barely sounds like a sound system stuff before I get to that it's about storytelling and if you look at the way that the urban landscape is shaped and molded literally almost all aspects of American life what ends up happening is you look in Detroit or Chicago or New York you drawn to this idea of the grid you know first three to second happened in 13th Street and 7th Avenue and so on so the way jazz and blues evolved out of these kind of world social networks of the seller once they hit the city the music becomes more fragmented so we have plenty of two examples one is early Jamaican sound systems and the other was about swallowing they're doing the sound systems kind of thing he was one of the first people to really MC videos like he's in singing and playing at the same time so just think about that compared to many aids and the way that they both told the story they enjoy this champion you know but that's a classical jazz narrative for the guy his playmate student as a command that did instrumental piano but when is it happening is that the recording of it is how most people experience it because they're very few people were there in the first place so Jax was one of the first names have really embraced the recording of a document in fact most people experienced the music through the recordings so if he skipped forward a couple decades the Jamaicans on the other hand at 60s whether the pathways people start when they call sound systems as a way of replacing the band all together so went into packing if you have the selector someone who's playing records have a band that people might have heard a radio so what ends up happening is that they experience the event itself not where there's a damn plane but a DJ so if you don't like what I was showing the beginning the discussion was mainly a film one-man band now that literally becomes the DJed so this is an early sound system kind of thing but if you can have a thread connecting here and said sound and multimedia video film often connected mainly through the issue of how do you tell new stories and how does that really tell the processes off if there's anything hard enough showing us is that artists usually in greatest technologies there's lots of different ways so here we go it's a specific quick sketch of the popularization of sound but the tablet music the Whalers will work together couldn't get any airplane the radio stations were firmly stuck in the colonial era plane British and American League most so giant sound system to tour the island taking the music direct to the people in the morning first in the afternoon I was playing on clocks the sound system that same night the Wailers first record was an incident number one [Applause] and it is not everything started here is a cow described that and the disappearance inter-cell the sound in the morning that didn't matter without realizing or thinking about you know what don't need either that so they recorded that they have to do literally press did you know that evening and gave it to a bunch of DJ's that night and so literally that was the first big hit mainly because people have started to pass around the dubplates to the other sound systems and whoever's playing that song actually drew a lot of people to their their sound system so if you've ever go to the Caribbean and you'll notice people put these outdoor sound systems as image that this is still going on but when an opacity is early hip-hop DJ's like over over Grandmaster Flash are both from the Caribbean and they bought that style of playing outdoor artists to do so well they was like what about sound flashes well whoever had the best record of winter so nowadays MC battles DJ battles and so on but the whole issue is now not only about how people put together the mixes but how that reflects in a social environment that actually becomes the art form so is that to me at least what ends up becoming and really interesting as an artist is that its own so much of its intangible and you're not really sure about how the value of an object or there's no longer an object related to the process so let me just play one other yeah two pieces this is one of the first of TV hip-hop video balance they are recording this TV show called the graffiti rock and I want you to think about again you know playing stuff with a lot of different time periods that's just between but wait do you see that's pretty funny the Castella is wearing a very funny you got a you know funky fresh so the pun here is not only a home again like quotation of style that was the record that DJ was playing was a billy squier you know country years ago it's all something to be or they just have two copies of the same record they're making the right to repeat so what ends up happening is that the repetition is a kind of minimalism so what was going on in New York at the same time as composers like Philip Glass Steve Reich and others John Adams and so on we're pulling minimalism to classical music under the sculpture world but also if you look at what's happening with hip hop like Afrika Bambaataa the crash worth all of those bands are becoming more minimalist as well so as above so below but the plan here is minimalism to create a whole reference to global culture because if you look at listen to people like Steve Wright's compositions or Philip Glass's well it leads you to is outside of this is the European narrative of classical music to kind of thinking of things in a global context so the composer then becomes a psycho this is what my favorite interesting design that when people regretfully the Fontan was law this is General George Allen Squire he was head of the US military Telegraph systems during World War one and what an opapatika see thought that same idea to the US after the war and they felt that they wired up all the federal offices people to play music music that workers would become more efficient so they've actually incorporated his stuff employment in factories and federal offices so he owned the Kodak Company as well face it this style of networked music playing music over wires would be called music plus Kodak or sound capturing this facial image music so background music and Andy importantly and creating an environment where people are more productive or more socially oriented towards work process what ends up happening is that music that can the multi-billion dollar corporation it's a subtle second you know condition in fact most malls subscribe to it musics a good career encourage you to go shopping for example if you're in a big room and you know all sorts of the US military reduces this kind of research they take another when they captured Noriega to drive an hour to visit building supposedly working microwaves and raised in Iraq known to be a wall all the sound and it goes through the wall makes people feel like they're being microwaved but they're testing lots of stuff interact but to make a long story short that I get music in networks previously like I said before the network was about social transaction passes records around mixes cassettes a tracks but once it gets you know back and forth because I think the Internet is catching up there somebody's deal with this I think music is that you now have the downloadable file which they say to these when I play with sculptures and paintings because his about its work was committing fall combine sculptures he really championed so here collage and physical forms but same time that's going on you have to realize what is it happen again the parallel between painting and sculpture and the recorded arts almost sneaked hand up and while he was doing that composers like John Cage or Steve Wright were also working in this kind of rotate common techniques the sound system where the situation's going on around the same time if you look at you know that's 1955 to 1960 the that gives it the Jamaican the image was more of a third-world response to a culture recordings so I'm gonna play with say the found objects whether it be sculptures records or social networks that's a little bit blurry but this is a really interesting map of the social network of collaborations between the top fifty five crackers this is a mighty graduate student who did a series of research that showed those artistic guest appearances with each other's albums and then made a mathematical this is a couple of my projects right now are focusing on birth of the nation it's a very infamous bill who DW Griffith KKK all that good stuff the funny part about that fellas is the first couple playing the White House and it was considered a true story so when I was coming over the scoreboard I did a series of practice runners where I worked with the second six piece Orchestra where I'm sampling the orchestra by that's we would be computers in the middle in the orchestras playing but then have been walked offstage could you tell what things are the computers or the orchestras running secret for like to call that the confinement one candidate and of course I like to just call it spooky when you have this eerie sensible recording taking the role of a living object or person versus living it could be the recording of a tree versus the actual extreme right now in the world where the recording represents far more meaning actually even a lot of the quote unquote realists representations of moving through spaces or downloading files and so on so realism becomes under critiquing this kind of stuff and this is the music circuit that some mirror to the social reality one of my favorite composers John Cage is the first composer could really make music for turn-taking it's got a great piece called invisible landscape it was written in 1939 and the audience got really mad because in walked in and it was just hold on to record traitors on the stage which of course no that's a pumpkin cloth but in 1939 the audience to take their money had really wanted to see it live so he said well it's an orchestra of turntables I've had regulations boring a child or even got the Greek government to let us have it big problems so I said this change back to my philosophy professor the amazing thing for me to show with its scale it's always a fun thing where's the Acropolis slowly so we got the Herodian to come theater at the Acropolis which is one of the oldest and most revered relics purely Greek kind of culture but what's also amazing divers that is specifically for theater and dumb it's amazing because you can actually hear some supports of this burden that the acoustics of the space and the architecture dispenses for this you know find our theater that I want to tell the story in a film so first foundation is a very controversial film and the Greek government was like why does he want to pee Klux Klan film and a promise that's a great day of comedy my favorite yeah and the funny thing about playing you know the speaker you know we had to put speakers throughout the room so if you can see these are about 20 minutes of purses on the scale it's as if theatre about 5000 people and we put basically furs throughout the ruins which was really kind of cool instead weird full moon that ends in summer night about 5,000 people came to the show and I walked out hi everyone I think I'm the first teaching player in 3,000 years thank you top of the show but the whole issue of how you look at this collision between different time periods is representation of storytelling really I think you can just see this in my circle we still use this logo for movie theaters now which is kind of a funny interview every season logo for early movies but do we now of course have to include the five point man baseball crews everywhere so with birth relation you have a crisis is real is an American meditation the films portrayed as real it was used as propaganda to recruit for the Ku Klux Klan and there's the first one to really strike at this idea pop culture there is a huge mother lode of money in at the course of cultural influence so they even invented the term blockbuster about the film because so many people lined up around the block to see so I want to just play you kind of accept to the film just an idea and what Dad what's going on here as you're looking at something that essentially puts you from the viewpoint of realism through sampling and of course nonlinearities the way we go here but you have to imagine that storytelling is about the art from nuance and what ends up happening at Birth of a Nation is centers – really and again going back to 1915 that's the same as I was showing you earlier once the Scientific American copper or the various eclipses was that you have to imagine realism at that time is very much about portraying that already known so racial issues when people responded to stories and so on that was something that was only critique not only in realism itself where there was cubism or futurism all these kinds of stuff going on people are googling the part that gave representation yeah so let me just play this and this is a quick example yeah maybe a presentation now I have to get ready all right well you make more information you pick a little bit cool the Klan and that time was needed to save your burgers yes president would rudeness the 20th President of the United States the son of Confederate sympathizer struggled with an escalating war in Europe a woman's way to cook [Applause] and a country still recovering from a devastating civil war while in the throes of his attempt to create the lead the nation tonight to fit Woodrow Wilson saw a very different vision of a totally the situation in America than you did with his international idealism the League of Nations was an attempt to foster we call an organization to the Adamic north to premiere didn't invite as close plane and Pelican feathered sun-hee Danube River to scream The Birth of a Nation at the White House making it the first zone to claim their and American mission the birth of the nation said the tumor happened the traitors it still feel the debate about how much progress has or hasn't occurred its impact on society and whether such a village have ever been made in modern 21st century America of world and red states and blue states the birth of the nation Hanes is a Spectre over the political process ultimately the birth of the nation is a founder confident it shows his country personally and indeed leader it's officially the formal Fillion was destroyed but with realism that's right in history like something in the traditions of America's first pop culture phenomena the minstrel show multiple ideas about America did it set the tone for the 21st century revisionist man's immediate and the absence or presence of a story in them instead of who or could literally create a vision of democracy rising in the deserts of another world occupy made the rebirth of the nation it's a Griffis vision of American time together never-before-seen close-ups and innovative techniques it turns the Romans selves to become the projected projected and all of those things look back from the history of the digital media where stories and the Danes need the rebirth of a nation doesn't need to apply December it's been said that those who don't learn the mission or need to repeat but what happens is worthless son all right so I found this really rare important significance saying truth what is the truth but when you look back at the last century Birth of a Nation amid the influence of immense amount of been waiting for 12 stories say for example one of the most famous scenes it's sampled from birth through Nations uh in Apocalypse Now for exactly which is my favorite films corporal of wanted to invoke the right of a Klansman is a very famous scene to the movie the halls or for the film was done by partner or they use lot of material in the beginning so what did this happen this US army helicopters flying their loudspeakers hanging out playing the bombers flying without wings before they blow up on these villages where George Lewis always the season fluent by birth or in addition is about us it's because if at that time the film set was over ten miles long which was one of the biggest film sets of that time period and so they have huge battles and so that felucca Society of Star Wars and scholarships running around like big huge battles the list element the Griffith also entered the close up for example and may I get multiple story threads going on the same time which leads us to a nonlinear kind of storytelling so at the end of the day most of my work is about this deconstructed or market distant pulse looking at history as a huge archive and as a talent for creating new material so alone tomorrow or what I'm going to be doing as a going through the whole bunch more records of Stax Records and this may be one of the last examples but that's what's an things about so let's see I'm gonna play while it's loading a quick example of a copyright the continuing with here but this is kind of Joe record and at one point the second lyrics about decoding DVD and make something and a couple days later the FBI stormed the studio or newspaper in jail and they confiscated all hard drives because the u.s. considers encryption webinar so the copyright under pictures of see Derek's did not decode the DVD versus the actual will terrorists consider to be a terrorist which is amazing but let me just play you a quick example the second here like sir it's a few more courses that he did as a joke and didn't think they need to think serious but when the MPI scope is home to confiscated computers by then a lot of people copy the lyrics down and using it to decode introduced but they also need stickers out of it t-shirts but basically is assisted humor about the way information spreads and doing music was ridiculous so what happening is that by the time they really trying to lock down all the stuff distributive internet and people haven't really taken it beyond just a basic sense of humor and if you're going to be DVD anyway you're gonna do it with this whether you hear a song about it or not so with the pun here's a lot of assumptions illegal absolutely you know if you got enough [Applause] we improve but the problem is not enough from we have shifted from have anesthesia about to see them what we need that's why I challenge you now to stand together raise your fists together national black listener through current [Applause] [Applause] well I don't want to get too deep in the moment this is the remix exam you tomorrow night and it's going to be going through all the southern soul music and who's from Stax Records which is if you don't know about that I'm sure that's what there's just a record there I collect old records that I realized I had a whole section of my shelf of all soul soul music of 45s so it's wrong testimony so I don't want to give away everything so that's the one last example and I guess questions there's a social mind endangered now some of you guys might rather know if you've seen this video my apology but it's a sense of humor and what's in the happening is that the Creative Commons issue of sampling came to a real interesting collision with this is that element he said that the Beatles White Album mixes jay-z is the black power and he called the grammar so there was a very interesting video submitted that eventually was on the web as well so I wouldn't think about this is to get new forms of storytelling and the way that that involves on the market process of editing and Sam Jim likes it [Applause] [Applause] Oh [Applause] all right so good sense of humor is always good to see so they grab that with that and I guess you'll probably want to moderate or we're gonna do the discussion all right and one tiny thing he did you see he's definitely pleased they're they're free that I cut them up here and there's a book in the background thank you [Applause] I asked professor Williams good night before spinning first I want to say what's happened here today what you may not realize is that you just seen a presentation of genius and what he is presented to you is to teach of the arts in many ways if you think as persons that created City you're missing the whole point what you have is the cultural anthropologist that documents the culture and by usually brings all these things together in a presentation which appeals to the sensitivities so that that the whole future of art is honored and access to specific tremendously I heard of a lecture yesterday by Professor terrierist Smith at the National Humanities Center and he is the leading authority in the world on the definition of contemporary art and what he demonstrated there was that the concept of modernity or modern is dead and that the future of art is actually the future of contemporary the word contemporary and what he showed was part from all over the world fifteen is a definition of what's what's you to mystic or what the future are is in terms of globalization that often he presented was art from museums Hebrides are caught from Africa hot from Asian art from all over the world with this sense of definition of what globalization means and the future is clearly presented in his presentation that you heard I think you're indeed fortunate to have heard this lecture because it gives you a context of where in the world is going and if you're not thinking in terms of if you can obviously you in trouble in terms of globalization and its effect on your life I mean the immediate effect my end we're like at one time he loved you more they ignore the things that happen all about and the relationship of what the environment to what they do everyday so I'm saying and I were fortunate that we have this marvelous artists here is cultural anthropologist and I don't have any present waiting but I was I'm very proud to be particularly in terms of the African Americans perspectives in terms of historical scope and I think that's one of the things it's a thread that goes well all of you works and I think it's very important for for all they need to understand that and in closing I would like to say that I heard that's we've got the 200 W on the record but the allocator were nominees teenagers so I've heard that small and I think that new uShip historical context of the culture this wooded the vibrant culture of the United States I think it's small try to think about the stories that we don't hear their stories they're lying bees and you know in the cracks of the stories that are actually resentment so I know that in your work you also spend a lot of time looking at they trying to plot the stories that are existing between medians pursuing between different moments what the types of stories that you before and the ways of which is looking to connect them in the future the whole idea for me is that sampling in the 90s really revealed who I liked English became a few minutes and that meant cultures could exchange they could you know you have a kid in Finland listen to something from Brasilia Brazil listening to something from Angola but that sense of globalization it sound really is something I've found very interesting to profit like I go to Japan and the Japanese dancehall reggae or so you know a really high groove and also very versatile approach which is something that they're together at least I like to call creolization which is essentially how languages migrate between cultures and one thing think of black pants is a kind of America's an operating system and I say that you know it's not like Microsoft but just sense of humor like how deeply entrenched most people's reference points with pop culture based and is kind of enacted from the south to the north in the back again to think about that go to chamber but that discourse is gone on down the Caribbean everywhere I've been in these transform the human condition of thinking by opportunity so the mid-nineties I travel a lot I still drop a lot but I kept seeing hip hop and I'm using contact there all these jobs and really just reached out changed a lot horses and you have to imagine that I think this is the first time I think if you begin here so many cultures have been in collision all I did quite the American kind of thing have been based on Pharos and last centuries I think these dissolving as paradigm nuanced reflections of what black rice is about our whiteness I'm really concerned you're for example they come in the u.s. there you know the German or Swedish French and so on but after a while community what's that like that's it's kind of it's a very constant same thing with you know black culture is not just you know the capital B my Darien's company and it's Trinidadians so people are beginning to realize you have much more complexity Lawrence is how an ethnicity applies to creative process which I celebrate in fact I think we need to encourage more complexity and think about things not in this kind of you know narrow idea of fifties or sixties so really pulls out that rug from under all that kind of totalizing the kind of concepts music popular there's like about 30,000 plus paintings in downtown London no but that doesn't mean migration patterns are going to also make it when we get pieces included by other but it doesn't even you have radically shifted communication tolerance and cultural exchange which is also healthy it's only a small part of the musical genre I know that there are early steam very compressed and deteriorated I also know that music out of the public schools in basically left to their own ingenuity so it reduced music dis Riveter and saw other funny thing I really look at a transition with the beats and of course the beats beats so the way that that is happening it's example i we mixed into collaboration premiered rock a while ago did this piece called black guy on Ulysses don't you know one of the first questions he asked whatever he was always looking music as a reflection to very home to society it's not the force in society it's not floating in outer space it's really a true reflection of values mores and nuances so something that says this is a 50 cent in the north you know radically different you know music like outcasts and most death or dr. Dre the thing that makes them all separate petition who's gonna tell the story of using repetition and for their kind of architecture but what I know it's it's a very good question because why then repetition of you from the late 20th century's vocabulary there's a lot of issues with that review this is a classical music or a lot of jazz had moved out of the bebop reason to the electronic kind of you know her beacon in karbala comes up in the seventies and eighties and her couples were the favorite early records a lot of DJ's it's like you know rocket that was this big giant charting you know crap work for example Afrika Bambaataa was playing you know planet rock which was a fixable Kraftwerk the minimalism I created least allowed people to look at storytelling as a new kind of recording process and that allows them to put their own voice in that structure because the music's changing live and I go crazy that Bebop I think excuses people may be the way that sound like functions in the context of people when they go to the performance they're there for the field and with hip-hop it's all about sampling our studio same thing the attack example is a very famous inventor african-american men to carry Morgan because as a guarantee he was on his way home in the 96.1 2020 to remember the exact date and he saw a Model T Ford Clarke and of course character middle of an intersection isn't a favorite stories but he said why are the streets I'm graduating and actually just a movement in the streets of early American cities unregulated so people basically would just walk around so the street like he will move into the we call the street life so that's red yellow and cream you know it's to start stop slow down and that's not on every street corner of every city on the planet so you have to think of movement in cities a kind of choreography you know stop you wait for the other people around you but that's kind of looking at the city itself is large dance but that's a very American model of the grid you know but if you go to Japan you go to Venice any major city to the street light regulates movement and I think the flop comes out at that urban I'm not quite sure how to find a person who thought through all the way that regulated movement and that kind of sense of pause and starting stopped that didn't existed prior to this invention in a way that during the city was stopped people within patent about regulated flow and I think electronic music a year is that kind of pulse of steady state rhythm and repetition of – stop stop right now red yellow green start/stop gun – I wanted to respond to both of those when I think of that that dragged me in hip hop I think I may be you know to celebrate and in the celebration they but it just like what you both were saying what's so beautiful about that is whether you go to India and you see someone playing sitar more so you go to the drum festival a traditional ceremony for something every coaches usually had some kind of storytelling that you know that's a handymen issue but what makes America different I think this is the collision between European aesthetics and African Studies so it's hard to define an entire concept but what is it happening if you look at Europe over the last several centuries the fall tradition became divorced from high culture there's a lot of high culture that was then about individual creativity curses aren't the artists so the artisan was someone who was an anonymous say the course in London we just know was $200 and that was a community saw like the sailors would go to sing in a bar and their suicide but Bach or Beethoven would go and take that sailor song and make a symphony you know they did to stamp their name or this is Bob or this is Beethoven so that that made it much more individuated where it's folk music is where everyone needs a song so that they're sampling from a tradition rather than from an individual so folk music is usually an open source kind of system of people columbus songs you know Traven people learn the lyrics and make their own variations so folk music in Europe was coming much more simpler actually in Africa because they were still have a formal tradition dependent over the course about several centuries I think the more arguing this but the idea to find artists would like one person to terminate an entire style really became for granted like the rock be under rock star more than you know there's a really good book called love the Western Europe evidently he said romantic love didn't exist before the children then arranged marriages if you were your managers like you know a tactical maneuver between families or something so decided they wanted to make their own decision for example you know that's a heavy statement against culture most cultures have that's the call sixteen existential crisis of the individual Janice is kind of really interesting there's a great example cellphone essays about that that was really years ago but amiri baraka but the concept of the changing saying so when you think about it is the repetition is factory it's not always the same it's changing because some of their nation is small like drops in rhythm breakage rating the great deep broken rhythms these kind of things compliment ruse was bedrock somehow became I think the channel for all they liked the appropriation with that concern but in a healthy way to help maybe the sixties generation really channel because the update where you can see the space well that's a good question recording the home ideal nonlinear you know if you look at an avid film editing system or if you look at you know software that coach rules so they didn't really put together movies together so I want to know what is taking bits and pieces but it's also how people put together history in the fantastic half of the group the main Greek writers were illiterate actually most of the stories that you hear of word of mouth when people make variations of the story might add a little jacket here or there but when he's out written down am I supposed to be offset in the fist you know Jewish cultures tell people of the book because they're supposed to defend specifically you know tell me all the different relationships in that say most cultures have some context but it's all stories we don't really know we just kind of believe belief when you have this idea of text as an unstable reference to mr. big is a floating brother that's a hold of deconstruction area down these relevant parts needs to elbow junior high or whatever at the same time that's going on history you ears like the war in Iraq people says really I'm one of those weapons of mass destruction or why we fight this war and we've partnered along the way the media was able to play kind of mass cultural amnesia to be always really interested yeah I think almost a half a trillion dollars to the bridge last year in office you know you already forgot about Katrina so America is a culture of Onision in a certain way like memories of scarcity suits and the media the way that these things go down it's like oh one of my favorite science fiction writers is a great phrase which is the futures already here it's just unevenly distributed which means that there's lots of weird results going on at the same time which is kind of I was just like yeah bushes like America like 1850 you know then the war in Iraq was coming neo-colonial war it's like occupation you take the oil your basics obviously in front of stuff which is like a good old lady Saturday maybe you know it will be more and I'll just invade and they did all the financial stuff that's that's actually pretty far but yeah this is all the stuff is going to send the ticket it doesn't really post you realize nobody's got a cell phone right in camp little call me and like missile strikes as world chases like you know like it makes is having fun good luck you know so that's still like circa 2001 so it the weird part about all that it says these are all just aliens or stories history if you think it peridot characters Herodotus of the early Greek story tells about more enjoyment to seven or even Shakespeare you know people those are going to be oral texts and the idea of the story changes okay just as long as it's creative and interesting itself you're a storyteller Cupid or a bar in your you better go the king which keep you talking but though the king is the greatest when he goes to the song cooking or if you are in or what they call ingredient in West Africa you have to know every family story and the story telling that time period is really a social signifier reflection that kind of thing for us I don't really need too much information from Fox TV you know what story that's not but the stories are so mean these are coming in the web right now that's probably most of it interested weird like youtuber methanation some of the funniest things I've seen in remakes it's a historical you know 14 or but yeah that's ectopy it's just you feel like we're floating feeling I'm talking about our current digital uncertain kind of unstable ours if something very solid about when I was a kid I saw all the great music he's enacted you already can guess is gone like there's no like it's is only control but over the course of last century or so I think you've got more and more into this is a form of literacy and that this will be this will define the next century so what you're doing as the literacy that will be required for leadership yeah it's a good point you looking at assistance to develop oral culture is our culture rejuvenated on improvisation can be in terms to define situations exchange in terms of slave but now it's become a video of celeb or give circus tiles and editing processes that are essentially they're connected and so people have visual literacies in a way that you know it's attention deficit disorder huge but at the same time that is I totally agree we better go down Leslie he actually work with that but the whole point here is okay literacy implies text but for all reading can radically different and radically fractured in fragments of text what makes another narrative and that means essentially is that the core stupid narrative we're talking with machines there's a lot of times when you don't number like 400 whatever you're calling about you're going like 100 Hertz with your cards but the monsters now need to just depress whatever and you guys you're talking to a software it's like your credit card statement but the pun here is that that's what the uncanny was about economic Singapore and all that kind of early to talk about where the edge of the human imagination I don't think person I think technologies move faster than most of us have really been able to absorb so that's what you missed on easy sense of like why are we doing this basically I kind of like the first matrix actually but even though they'd have to go to but I like the designs to make a selling like the pun here is like how people were sought to the social environment which is conditioned by different media this point family does too much work and you're not sure I mean most people barely know how the toilet works alone computers and software driving everything so it's you're looking at a bath since it's a leaf you know in the Middle Ages if you want to really like King what do you think an angel you know but if you were to ask well how did that like the principles of electricity and magnetic flux the you know the light switch the gas isn't light bulb it just works but that that's the way you know borrowing a very small group you actually know how the whole planet honey maybe or the electricity or satellite frequencies the QTEs ago most people don't know how this is going you just get your car and determine if it works but your car's name a computer what happened to make carpets virus yesterday I was very it feels very sorry that's a great question some people responses I did the digital divide exactly which is all I did in class and structure scripted into how people use technology the interesting thing is if there were a lot of people are skipping the law gave the phone line and go straight to cell phones pagers beep bruises like that and so their social networks are actually so little sorority into the second part I was in Angola and earlier bastard and it just is a 25 year track elusive war you know our tax dollars at work and one of the things that was operations these new text message partners where the kids where you would say there's a sound systems oh no I you know you know you're in Africa market you see a homeless you know like those cheap cell phones probably made each other completely Malaysia or something and you know the kids have got state information and then I go to the place I talk to you which is like mega hardcore high-tech this wireless networks everywhere or so creative example I was in Seoul for most of successor and for them they're not these weird cell phone film festivals because they stop and I think watch movie on your phone watch people just gather and watch music for which America we will get to that for a while but the idea of democratization not only taste but also intervene into public spaces I've been medical for me is like when you look at the late seventies and a lot of kids are tagging extremes in the New York in Chicago and all the main cities that it was to go policy from their tag enough spread throughout the city that everybody would recognize their if they knew about of attack and that was essentially a personal logo so your tagging involved and people had to have literacy reading up it's allowed but the graffiti kids to show how they had skills would really come up with a very elaborate really amazingly scripted big city still the Train meanwhile government in New York alone still worth a hundred million dollars for regional trains but nowadays you see that as an appetizer so when you go on the train in New York they have the same Assam every training everywhere or if you look at buses now to drink this kind of it looks like their feelings like a half so appetizing applied appropriately the same strategy of visual or public space but you know I did commerce so you see there's always an arms race in the public space and that means whose expression conservative used up and the underground which is the world I'm coming out of it thank you you know there's a very famous show mostly concentrated doses notes from underground but what is it happening is the underground issues local calls herself I'm not sure how and this is something I've been traveling around a lot and to see just you know just how people respond information but the underground is an unregulated and things Buffalo because they reach a certain threshold and I'm not quite sure what that threshold is but there's a reason why I said another two years ago Danger Mouse it's name became popular or there was a reason that early in founding states are so popular or there is a reason that people so wholeheartedly embraced the eight-track that it's a technology mirrors desires if you have to always keep in mind desire is a very powerful force in human commerce so Adam Smith's the invisible hand for example that was all about massive economic globalization but in the 18th century for us the invisible hand is now wireless networks Wi-Fi downloaded or succeed in trees itself but it still you know they didn't announce driving promises traffic peoples formation of identity if you go outside of that it's almost like you've detuned plugged into different type ears even like the rainforest in Brazil about it this is sequestered which is this beautiful area really yeah totally okay that at the airport sitting on a cell phone and that's changing and I think you can see it much more critique of the digital divide as we go but it's that good it's a bad there's always people making money off of something there's always a commercial interests why this kind of things at all I don't know right now it just seems like the corporate culture has colonized so many things that even the idea of freedom like you know ever hide that Iraq earlier stuff in the bush and they want the fridge says no the war so they wouldn't exchange any franchise the freedom fries and I was like Jeff I was ready to change the term you know come over new slang did show they had no roots in how language works if it was really gonna change me what I already can only do slang for something that was ever wonder if I'm not over but little things like that his exact intense questioning because I'm I'm a firm believer in an idea that people have agency people can engage and change time time again you know there's a coup d'etat revolution massive change in a culture and it's really you know some people who takes over and across Missouri but in 2043 the things you lock down this is a longer discussion but basically it seems like there's a kind of you need totalitarian framework of we're free even of coffee premium as I said the question I think that you can't make the mistake of assuming they determine the destination if you exist at least I can as long as I think in the long run the expression of what we use and the use of technologies the combination of those two things and if you look at the history of simple to ward smoothly one time it ought to painted keys that we painted the ability that you made it worked as the new painted most of the people that expressed so I think that encompassing condition of human mainly because artists like you have synthesized this and that expression of humane mess or whatever it is in all of us as people will actually technology is eventually control so it's anti human experience and it's actually those that all the medium controlled its expression but they don't totally on the media and I think it's this underground few years underground expression that enabled us to think maybe compare and enable us to make choice okay we're going to what if what if you were to today I can see that but somebody images technologies technology it's almost like a very easy relationship to technology and I definitely feel that you know we're in a very twisty time to the environment you know materials will be used everything from your computer to your shoes and they pretty much toxic materials the atmosphere is all messed up I would actually think done in an article in a separate sheet of film and yeah there's like huge pieces of ice breaking off there you know it's definitely very heavy strange times all these storms and we're the other patterns species you know becoming a distinct very quickly you know I do think that artists tell people another world as possible I don't know that's been we're going to provide an apple you know I don't know if that's my role by at least getting people to think another way and you know thinking and getting just beginning to grieve you know that there's another way you could do something to think about something that often is a big star because most people like why do I need to do anything different I just you know and you'd be surprised we have that kind of leadership a lot of levels and that's why things just keep going you could wake up this morning say how do I want to do to X Y & Z just opportunity for people you know they they do it because they've been conditioned we have that kind of metric mechanistic response a lot of times so this is the last question that we're seeing your time here but basics is I'd like to think my work is saying nothing we're almost possible not quite sure which world yet but at the end of the day is just trying to get you to think about some stuff of different intervals and to not take everything for granted so much I'd like we'd celebrate complexity nobody's going to answer all questions everywhere so a lot of that means people have to search through security so if you'd like to a lot of the video clips I have stuff to run websites to be calm tomorrow night is the show it's I'm not gonna get over everybody other this is just look at the Old South this whole music scene I got a lot of records of Stax Records I don't know it's I mean you know it's definitely the classic Memphis soul music everybody Isaac Hayes Aretha Franklin the Staple Singers not Sammy Davis right everything all those guys came out of Stax Records so tomorrow night and I guess have any problems with thank you all for coming you guys to share the bar is also told you marches in the back there's just a fleet here at the ball cavities is passed along kind of go pass it along to get past records with it they don't pour it up because [Applause]

29 comments

  1. if one tranfers the idea of remixed culture (which already borows its name from agriculture) into fields of copyright interpretation of genetic engineered patented "products" then monsanto would erase ones face from the surface.

  2. I don't know but i guess this guy is doing the same this as GUY MADDIN did long long time ago, remember the movie BRAND UPON THE BRAIN?????? with a castrato and everything live? well maybe this dj spooky is copying o he was just inspired by GUY MADDIN.

  3. Having been backstage at Glastonbury and met some of the best, what are you talking about? My friends are dj's and musicians all over the world including the UK. Is Manchester the reason you cannot spell?

  4. smartass.

    this is typical jerk off american rubbish. manchester university, england is where i just graduated from. spooky played here free of charge to mr on more than one occasion. thr studrnt union here is awesome. not to mention manchester has been one of the most important hubs for music since well before we were born.

  5. Amazing how many people seems completely transfixed by a few political asides to the point of dismissing the whole of an almost two hour lecture.

    You did know that politics impacts the world and invites reactions, right?

    Probably the same peep who always whine when Ebert or Wolcott or Yahtzee drop the one political comment.

  6. makes semi-random leaps as if that shows any real connection. name-drops constantly. keeps bringing up his pet movements whenever he can ( hip-hop, the remix, etc). Guy has been saying the same thing for almost a decade now. Boring to see live. Extremely boring to hear him talk. I've had the bad luck to witness both.

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