Ancient Egypt Documentary Part 8

what is now known as the bent pyramid would have surpassed the Great Pyramid of Pisa if the builders had kept to their plans but halfway through construction it began to crack Greiner startled man of the German archaeological Institute is an expert on king stefan's projects allowed unprecedented access to the pyramid he now knows exactly what went wrong this is a major crack many of these cracks happened during the construction of the pyramid because it was built on a weak ground the king and his architects were very worried and unhappy about this they even tried to reduce the end of the pyramid creating so the appearance of the bent pyramid but finally nothing could be done the parameter to be abandoned the pyramid had been erected on a sandy plain without a solid foundation eventually it began to subside to stabilize it the builders changed the slope from 54 to 43 degrees hoping to reduce its weight but it was too late two miles away sniffle aunch his third and final pyramid quick to learn from their mistakes the king's architects laid a foundation of limestone to prevent subsidence and settled on an angle of 43 degrees the same as the top of the bent pyramid called the red pyramid for the glowing color of the local limestone it's the first true geometric pyramid and Egypt's fourth tallest Sneferu could now ascend to heaven on a ramp that gleamed like the Rays of the Sun the pyramid is entered by a long descending passageway three feet square at the bottom are three interconnected chambers each over 40 feet high and each with a distinctive corbelled ceiling designed to support the weight of the pyramid above they resemble a step pyramid in Reverse pyramid within a pyramid not only reinforced the structure the Egyptians believed it doubled the Kings chances for resurrection with this sequence of three large and high rooms Kings nor finally had achieved a burial place and eternal residence he could be happy and content with these rooms are constructed of large limestone blocks the roof in layers of limestone blocks everyone protruding about 15 centimeters with this ingenious construction the mass of the pyramid resting on it could be supported they are about to more than two million tons of stone on these rooms but has no crack in no danger in it the roof represents religiously also the sky resting over Boonton sarcophagus in which gives low flow rested for eternity one of Ryan's dad woman's most important discoveries at the shore would finally answer to age-old questions who actually built the pyramids and how long did it take when they started excavation here we found a part of the casing still preserved other blocks had been fallen on the rebirth of these Brooks we found the name of the working gangs who constructed the pyramid for example the green one in Egyptian watchit the name of the King leaves no fruit and dates with these dates we could realize that after two years already six layers of the pyramid have been constructed two years later about 15 meters of the pyramid has been completed and from another date we learn that it took about 17 years to construct the whole parameter to build his pyramids Sneferu wood quarry more stone and harness more manpower than any other Pharaoh during the Old Kingdom but his successor would concentrate his energy on one the greatest resurrection machine of them all rising from the Giza Plateau is the ultimate expression of the quest for eternity built for sniffle successors Khufu Khafre and Menkaure they are virtually man-made mountains the superhuman scale of the Great Pyramid alone and Khufu the reputation of a cruel tyrant it contained enough stone to build a wall three feet high around the whole of France according to Napoleon who marveled at it in 1798 time has been kinder to the Pyramid of King Khafre only two feet smaller than the Great Pyramid it's better preserved the original limestone facing still decorates the summit it also retains the remnants of several structures that were an integral part of the resurrection machine at the base of the pyramid was a mortuary temple supplied with daily offerings of food and drink in the belief that even a dead King needed sustenance from there a covered causeway almost 1/3 of a mile long led to a valley temple a monumental portal linking the desert plateau to the life-giving and purifying waters of the Nile but Khafre added something new to the traditional pyramid complex the sinks one of Egypt's most haunting images a strolling lion with a head of a man it reaches across time to proclaim the king master of the world on a journey to Egypt in 450 BC the Greek historian Herodotus was told the pyramids were built by slaves but all evidence of their existence seemed to vanish without a trace until American archaeologist mark Lehner began mapping the Giza Plateau since then he's uncovered proof that far from a labor camp Giza was once a thriving community of workers the size of a small city dedicated to serving the Kings

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