ten fascinating historical sites in Turkey but first thanks guys for keeping up with the great comments today we'll be presenting to you just some of the most fascinating historical sites in Turkey let us know in the comments section which one you think is the most interesting and maybe will feature you in upcoming video number 10 gobekli tepe turkey is a country that straddles both the continent of europe and asia it's located on the important crossing grounds between Europe and the Middle East in Africa it's home to many important amazing sites that are necessary for understanding the history of mankind and some of the earliest advanced civilizations this photo we see here as lead to be the world's first temple known as Gobekli Tepe and it's turkey's oldest known historical site which was built in 9,500 BC it's found southeast of the city of eartha just north of the border with Syria and the archaeological dig site you'll see standing stones and pillars which are arranged in circles this is quite an impressive feat of engineering by people who were primarily hunters and gatherers predating any known civilization by thousands of years the area where the temple was found was considered sacred for the large amount of wildlife in-game found here by the tribes number 9 at Susa this historical site in Turkey used to be the former capital of the Hittite Empire which was one of ancient Egypt's arch enemies they occupied much of Turkey parts of modern-day Israel Lebanon and Syria this Late Bronze Age city is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and it was discovered in the early 1900s the Hittite Empire slowly disintegrated most likely from drought in the area and even possibly earthquakes the city was completely abandoned around 1200 BC but the great sphinx gate which was one of the main entrances to the city still remains the stone walls that fortify the ancient capital were reconstructed in a similar style architecture that historians believe would be used by the civilization some amazing pieces of art are still here like this photo of 12 Hittite gods of the underworld but much of this place is still in ruins number 8 the city of Troy you might be familiar with the legends of the Trojan horse mentioned in Homer's Iliad and even the film with Brad Pitt titled Troy however the city truly does exist and located in northwestern Turkey some of the remains of this legendary setting are still intact such as portions of the walls however due to its strategic location it's also been urbanized by other civilizations such as the Romans this remarkable city was found in 3500 BC and abandoned in 500 AD in Greek mythology a woman named Helen of Troy lived here who was rumored to be the most beautiful woman in the world the war broke out when Helen who was married to the king of Sparta was abducted by the Prince of Troy named Paris after a long ten-year siege of the city of Troy the Greek army came up with a plot to get inside the walls by constructing a large wooden horse as a peace offering little did the Trojans know that inside the horse were Greek soldiers so be careful of Greeks offering gifts number 7 ephesus located in the Izmir province of Turkey the city of Ephesus lies on the edge of the modern-day town of selcuk this is the location of where one of the seven ancient wonders of the world known as the Temple of Artemis once stood this was originally built by King Croesus of Lydia and was reconstructed three times before its final destruction it was burnt down in the fourth century BC as an act of arson despite the loss of one of the biggest temples in the ancient world the city of Ephesus continued to thrive under Roman rule while profited from the slave trade the library of celsus is an ancient Roman building here and was considered to be one of the Roman Empire's most impressive buildings considered to be the ancient world's third largest library some believe it was destroyed by an earthquake or even from a goth invasion during the 3rd century AD number 6 mountain routes after the Empire of Alexander the Great broke up a new kingdom of common game was formed which occupied a decent chunk of land in eastern Turkey the king of this land king Antiochus built himself a large community monument to himself in the tourist Mountains from 69 BC to 34 BC this is still home to many fairly well preserved statue heads that seem to be quite unique it was excavated by a German engineer Carl fester in 1881 and all the heads he found our cylinder original condition and not restored giving jurists a very authentic view many of the statues appear to be somewhat of a mixture between Persian and Greek gods number 5 Harappa las' modern-day tourists who come to here awfully might not be there to enjoy the history as much as the pools of Paul McCulley the hot springs situated here are formed from thermal volcanic activity underground that heats up the magical water in salt in calcium carbonate it might actually look like snow at first glance but reassure you it's not it wasn't just modern-day tourists who were attracted to this location but also the ancient Greeks and Romans The Spa has been used since the 2nd century BC with many inhabitants of Harappa list choosing this location as a retirement location or summer to spend their final days due to this it's also home to one of turkey's most notable necropolis it's believed that tourists here are likely to slowly a row the historical portion of Harappa lives as more and more hotels begin to pop up in the location nearby but the historical ruins here should not be overlooked and it's a prime example of Greek and Roman influence in Turkey number four the Hagia Sophia as the Roman Empire split up it was divided into two large pieces in 285 AD as it was too vast to completely govern all provinces from the seat of Rome this turned out to be a good decision especially for the eastern empire who were then dubbed the Byzantines while the western part of the Roman Empire quickly crumbled in the new States the Byzantines prospered from trade and were able to construct a magnificent capital of Constantinople the Hagia Sophia was constructed in 537 ad by possibly their most impactful leader Justinian the first this Basilica was the seat of Byzantine Orthodox Christianity and displayed many beautiful mosaics the powerful city of Constantinople fell to the attacking Ottomans who laid siege to the heavily fortified double walled city in 1453 and then turn it into their own capital this attack was led by Mehmet the Conqueror and from now on Turkey has been primarily a Muslim country not being followers of Christianity they decided to keep the magnificent building they'll remove the Christian icons and turn into a mosque which is primarily decorated with calligraphy in modern times number three Cappadocia this region is known for its more arid climate and geological formations known as fairy chimneys it didn't take long for man to realize how these geological formations could serve as useful tools built out of soft volcanic rock this is a prominent landmark in the Cappadocia region in central Turkey and is known as a chest ash Rock the city of the witch's Asha is known for its luxury hotels and this castle it might not be the most dragon castle in existence but it's certainly a good example of how humans can transform landscapes it's also the tallest point in Cappadocia Christians began to build churches in Cappadocia as early as the 1st century AD they began seeking refuge in these mountains but also underground here which this historical area is mostly known for if you venture underground here you'll see the derinkuyu underground city that actually could have its origins with the ancient Hittites but this place has everything a normal city normally does including homes schools cellars storage rooms churches and even livestock this underground city reaches peak during 700 AD all the way to 1100 AD ad while it was protecting Christians from a rotting Saracens number 2 toku palace after the ottomans had secured constantinople as their stronghold and established it as their new capitalist and bull they began to fortify it and build lavish palaces turkish flag is displayed at the gates and is a proud symbol other heritage the topkapi palace takes up a massive amount of prime real estate in istanbul and the sultan would have been able to see asia from top all the way across the Bosphorus Strait this was in use for over 400 years until the Empire eventually fell it displays a wide variety of Ottoman architecture and now even houses historical and religious artifacts it's actually the largest and oldest pala is still accessible to this day it also has a massive harem which had 400 rooms roughly 4,000 people lived here and almost worked like a small city today it's a unesco world heritage site and still quite a popular place among tourists to walk around at number one the presidential complex to finish this video off we'd like to mention the current presidential palace in Ankara the capital which is 30 times larger than the White House the Turkish certainly have a good taste when it comes to lavish palaces as we can tell from history although it was built in modern times it's considered to be the fourth largest palace in the world and will certainly be considered a fascinating place as time goes by covering an area of 1.6 square miles with approximately 1,100 rooms the presidential palace there is a role to President Erdogan similar to how our White House serves a role to our president so suppose it cost of this palace is six hundred and fifteen million dollars but others estimate that it's roughly worth 1.3 7 billion when it was built in 2014 this also might not include the rumoured secret underground we're top secret special commands are given some even sink a supercomputer that tracks past the potential enemies is located here the palace has received quite a bit of criticism due to its lavish burnish seen as a waste of taxpayer money but others insist that it will boost turkeys reputation in the future

Author Since: Mar 11, 2019

  1. Hellen of Troy never was from Troy,she was from Sparta,Paris who was born,raised in Troy was from Troy.
    To this day when a family dont gives his dother to a young man the lover boy have the right to abducted her when she wants to be whit him.

  2. Been to Ephesus & I can say that it was an amazing experience, every little detail on the buildings for me was fascinating

  3. 'Like this photo of 12 Hittite gods…'
    You've finally found proof.
    I must now formally renounce my atheism.
    All hail A'as, wisest amongst gods.

  4. Gobekli Tepe…. The greatest historical discovery ever made – upturning human history as we know it entirely….Number 10…..

  5. None of these belong to Turks culture they Turks originally came from Central Asia as mongols and invaded and settle in the area, part of the civilization belong to Persian , Greek , Roman culture that's the history fact .

  6. dude cost of presidential complex is totally wrong those amounts between 650m and 1.3b are turkish liras actually. it's about 300 million dollars. Still a stupid expence 🙁

  7. Where is Gallipoli? The beach of Gallipoli in WW1 was a very important part of Turkish (Ottoman) history! You could've researched the god damn part of Turkish (Ottoman) history!

  8. im turkish and i live in ausrtralia,melbourne. and i cant wait till i visit my counrty again in 23rd august. EVERYONE VISIT ME AT TURKEY. ill be in Ankara(capital)

  9. nice but unfortinatlywhen they were telling about hagia sophia they show blue mosque ( it s mistake , blue mosque cros to hagia sophia . :))

  10. This American shit makes me sick. Why do you have to use your stupid flag everywhere? America is one of the most criminal country on earth. You got the fattest people, highest count of criminals in jail and your education system is one of the most decayed in comprehension to Europe. Btw America isn't the only country where freedom exists so your argument "America is great because we are free" is stupid af.

  11. you are awesome.. please do top tens about the Philippines.. thank you and keep up doing awesome videos

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